Yeast Infection vs. Bacterial Vaginosis

The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. The use of probiotics may also help in reducing the risk of BV recurrence. The cause of vaginitis cannot be adequately determined solely on the basis of symptoms or a physical examination. In your vagina, there exists a mix of bacteria. During pregnancy:

Maintaining proper hygiene is important.

BV is caused by an imbalance of that bacteria. Unfortunately, there is a high rate of recurrence after therapy. It produces a thick, cottage-cheese-like, and odorless discharge. How can this infection be prevented?

How can I prevent vaginal candidiasis?


What causes bacterial vaginosis? However, visible warts are not always present. If a woman has recurrent yeast infections, follow-up testing may be performed to look for underlying conditions that may be contributing to the vaginitis or vaginosis, such as diabetes. Candida infection of the skin: medlineplus medical encyclopedia. What are the signs or symptoms of vaginitis? These include your overall health, your personal hygiene, medicines, hormones (particularly estrogen), and the health of your sexual partner.

Antibiotics can kill “good” bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis is another type of common vaginal infection, according to Dr. A vaginal discharge is sometimes present with this infection, but not always.

Candida albicans is the type of fungus most commonly responsible for vaginitis.


Chemicals (creams, gels, foams) that inactivate sperm. Uptodate, having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high. 2 million (that’s nearly 30 percent) of women ages 14–49 have experienced BV. It is commonly called trich (say "trick"). When you have vaginitis, you may have some or all of these symptoms. Some women have a gray-green discharge that could smell bad. These infections are spread by sexual contact.

Many of the infections that cause vaginitis can be spread between men and women during sexual intercourse. But some activities put you at higher risk of for it. Pregnant women with BV in the 23rd to 26th weeks of pregnancy were 40% more likely to deliver a low birth-weight baby (i. )The vagina becomes dry or atrophic. Each of these vaginal infections can have different symptoms or no symptoms at all. This information isn’t a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. ” These words will strike fear into the heart (and vaginas) of most women.

Symptoms of a Yeast Infection

This condition may be caused by a variety of non-infectious and infectious conditions, including STDs. Itching is not common, but may be present if there is a lot of discharge. Testing is also used to evaluate the best treatment options if you do not respond to initial therapy and/or if you have recurrent episodes. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a bacterial infection in the vagina, which is home to a variety of bacteria. If you have sex less than 24 hours before the exam, use condoms. Both you and your sex partner need treatment. Serodiagnosis is complicated because of low levels of natural agglutinins.

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Sometimes it causes an upset stomach or nausea. Chronic yeast infections, ” The answer might surprise you:. These symptoms may worsen after sexual intercourse or after a menstrual cycle. The vagina normally harbors a balance of different bacteria. However, if you are pregnant, have been exposed to an STD, or have recurring yeast infections, it is advisable to still see your doctor for a complete examination.

  • When everything is at it should be, the “good” bacteria (lactobacilli) outnumber the “bad” bacteria (anaerobes).
  • Here’s a brief comparison.
  • Over the counter medications for yeast infections are easily available and should quickly relieve the uncomfortable and itchy symptoms.
  • Examples are when you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or when you have gone through menopause.

How do I know if I have BV or a yeast infection?

Permethrin 1% creme rinse applied to affected areas and washed off after 10 minutes. Two of the most common causes of vaginitis are yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis. A Hospital Based Study.

If you have a vaginal yeast infection and give birth vaginally, you may pass the yeast infection to the baby in the form of an oral infection called thrush. It may be thin and milky, white or grayish, with a mild to strong, fishy odor, especially after sex. Yeast infections affect up to 75 percent of the female population at least once in their lifetimes, and recurrences are not unusual. Probiotics act by restoring the balance between the good and bad bacteria present in the gut and vagina. It is important for partners to be treated even if they do not show any symptoms. Fact or fiction?: a clove of garlic can stop a vaginal yeast infection. You could also have an infection without any symptoms. Factors that can change the normal balance of the vagina include the following:

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Fever is the most common manifestation in adults, although it may be complicated by endocarditis, thrombophlebitis, septic arthritis or osteomyelitis. Make sure you know which type of infection you have BEFORE treating it. These are officially the most effective ways to treat yeast infections. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginal discharge in women of reproductive age.