How To Identify And Treat Thrush

Horses that wear hoof pads are susceptible to thrush, since the pad holds moisture against the bottom of the foot.

The primary bacterium that causes thrush already lives naturally in the soil, mud, manure and stall areas of a barn environment. Its unique purple color tells you where it's doing its job, with a fresh coat needed only where the color has faded. What is the worst case scenario for chronic/untreated thrush? Keep the stall bedding clean with fresh straw or shavings to prevent thrush from happening in the first place. It will help you address the symptoms, but what is ultimately important is to fix the root cause by trimming the hoof appropriately. However, a horse can become lame through treatment by continual probing or squeezing of the tender heel and frog areas affected by thrush. You will likely know it when you see — and smell — it.

I overheard some parents talking about thrush in their child.

Next, clean the hoof. Hoof boots alone are not a magic pill for thrush. As if that’s not complex enough, yeasts and fungi exist in both “live” and spore form. It is not a disease. The disease begins when bacteria penetrate the outer horn, or epidermis, of the frog.

Some of the hardest feet we’ll trim as farriers are horses that are bedded on shavings or sawdust. If your horse stays in a pasture in wet conditions, remove manure from areas he frequents; if possible, move his water tank and hay to a dry, clean area. So when you can see deterioration of the frog, and/or smell a real stink on those hooves, the “enemy” is obviously present and you can deal with it. Thrush is a bacterial – fungal infection that eats away at the healthy tissue of a horse’s hoof. This will allow Banixx to do its best work. Occasionally, the infection can result in swelling of the lower limb. Removing the diseased tissue and opening up the flaps of the frog by your farrier will give you a head start to recovery. Sure enough, after a few applications, things appear to be getting better, the frog is healing, the goo and the smell are gone, and our horse is happy – until a few weeks later, when we see a rerun of the problem developing.

In this situation, we would not recommend using harsh products that may burn. You can clean your horse’s hoof with a brush, pick, and file for trimming. Thrush mainly occurs in the collateral sulci (the clefts – or grooves – on either side of the frog) and the central sulcus (the centre of the frog). This access is even more limited if debris becomes stuck in the crevice, and infection is likely. It only develops in horses with unhealthy frogs.

A runny, black, foul-smelling discharge around the frog area is a classic sign of thrush.

Breaking Up is Hard to Do

In some cases of thrush, the frog will have discharge around it, usually black or dark brown in color. Weakened by its reduced protective outer horn, the frog tissue becomes more susceptible to penetration by the bacteria and, consequently, development of the disease. An alternative is to place the hoof in a medicine boot or substitute, with 3-4 ounces of Banixx, once or twice a week while your horse eats.

A neglected case can eventually affect the inner tissues, including the navicular joint. Proper and regular farriery is also key. Thrush is an infection of the frog and associated structures in the hoof.

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Thrush is usually (but not always) the result of horses being kept in wet dirty ground conditions, which make maintaining good hoof hygiene very difficult. Horses are physiologically dependant on movement and should be allowed to be outside of their stalls daily. And so, with all this, we’ve not yet crossed home plate – but we’re on third, waiting for the base hit that lets us score. But, keeping a horse on dry ground can be a challenge. Any loose flaps of the frog need to be trimmed away with a hoof knife to remove infected tissue and allow air and any anti-thrush treatments to reach the infected areas and facilitate healing.

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Topical treatments work on aerobes because we can get at them. A proactive approach goes a long way in keeping your horse happy and healthy. A new company (SBS Equine Products) was born that day with a mission statement. Finally disinfectant and antibiotic spray may be applied to the frog and sole. There are enough bad guys to fill a Post Office bulletin board, including yeasts, bacteria, and fungi!

  • The entire frog may be undermined, with large areas loose or rotten.
  • Stable your horse in clean dry conditions and have your horses' feet regularly trimmed and shod to avoid the development of long heel conformation and to keep the frog healthy.
  • Some horsemen and farriers use hoof hardeners such as Keratex or turpentine to dry up feet or to help harden the soles.
  • This could be due to pre-occurring damage to the frog causing it to be naturally more susceptible to secondary infection, or the horse being somewhat immuno-compromised due to previous injury or illness and therefore less able to fight off the bacteria naturally.

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Look carefully for any abnormal changes when you pick out your horse's hooves each day - the earlier you’re able to identify thrush, the better. The bottle is also small enough to fit in a tack tote or locker without taking up much space, which means it’s a good remedy to have when you’re traveling to and from shows. Some of these may appear as lesions on the foot or legs, but the same antiseptics that are effective against thrush also typically work well for these conditions. Applying these medications to a hoof that remains impacted with necrotic material will not be effective. Candidiasis, an endoscope is commonly used to identify this type of Candidiasis. This alone helps keep things healthy and bacteria at bay.

What are your favorite treatments for thrush? Lameness or sensitivity: Treatment will usually be required for 7-14 days. This, in turn, stimulates continued frog health. Well it turns out that it it’s not quite that straightforward.

Caustic Chemicals Are Harmful to the Sole and Frog

Like many other young girls her age, she was responsible for grooming her own horse. Severe thrush often occurs in the cleft between the heel bulbs and can create a deep gash there. Another method is to use a spray bottle, but it’s difficult to achieve a truly targeted application this way. Hoof thrush is characterized by the presence of dead, black, and foul smelling material in the affected areas. Like many other young girls her age, she was responsible for grooming her own animal. What’s the best way to treat it? ” Moyer also suggests that hoof boots can protect the affected areas, but he has concerns that these don’t breathe, while at the same time the foot continues to sweat, keeping the area damp–this is counterproductive to treatment.

All environments should have good drainage. Sometimes the frog is so badly affected that it peels away altogether in which case a foot bandage is essential to protect it until the infection clears up. This may be true in areas of the world that are permanently very humid and hot. The chlorine in the soaking solution turns to chlorine gas that infiltrates deep into the cracks and crevices of the foot and results in more disinfection than material applied to the surface. If the crevice deepens, the tissues within have limited access to air and–especially if debris becomes lodged there–infection can develop, evident as a black and pasty discharge and often having an offensive odor. The infection affects the clefts of the frog and sometimes the sole of the foot, especially along the white line.

Kopertox and Thrush Buster can work well for treating thrush. Now that you know the signs, be aware of your horse’s conditions and manage them proactively to prevent disease. There are many remedies and treatments for thrush on the market, but many are still using the harmful ingredients we mentioned above. Healthy hooves equal healthy horses. One species of bacterium (Fusobacterium necrophorum) is particularly aggressive, invading and destroying the frog, sometimes exposing the deeper sensitive tissues. Pair this up with a thorough and conscientious foot care regime, and you will give yourself the best chance of banishing the dreaded pong. Can apple cider vinegar treat yeast infections? here's why you need to try it. There is no evidence that human thrush and horse thrush are connected and there is no evidence to support that one can be contacted from the other. Thrush in horses is more frequent in damper parts of the United States.

How To Keep Your Horse Hydrated During the Winter

The term “thrush” gets hung on just about every hoof ache or pain that comes along, but it is not necessarily just one type of microbe that’s responsible. Candidiasis, there are also chances of passing the infection to your partner. A horse afflicted with thrush will show pain whenever pressure is applied to the area, which may result in limping or even lameness in severe cases. Hooves should be picked daily. Horses have been made to run out in the wild and spend most of her time living a very active lifestyle.

Thrush can lead to serious problems for your horse and finding the correct treatment can be difficult. However, it’s always a good idea to be as sanitary as possible when dealing with any infections, whether it’s found in yourself, a family member or your animals. The duration of treatment will depend on the extent of the infection, but expect to be diligent in treating/monitoring daily for a few weeks to a month. Vaginal yeast infections: 4 things to know, ranked among the top schools of pharmacy nationally, the college supports research, service and educational programs enhanced with online technologies. Some attack the white line and hoof wall, others cause lesions on the coronary band and pastern.

Prepare the solution as described above Have a cotton bud ready and soak it in the solution With the cotton bud make your way around the frog and make sure that your solution is applied on all the cracks you can get to. Intermittent use of a disinfectant such as iodine to scrub out the hooves about once a month would also be a good idea. Bacon grease not only blocks oxygen from the tissues, but the salt also overly hardens the sole and hoof wall to decrease elasticity and increase the likelihood of cracks and other defects occurring.

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While daily use of a hoof pick is essential, care when using it is required. Always consult your farrier and veterinarian on any hoof related issues. An unhealthy frog is recessed—shrunken inward from the surface level of the rest of the hoof—and is smaller in size than it should be. The non-damaging paste is packed into the sulci using small brush (an old toothbrush is great for getting into flaps and crevices). The bottom line is that the dark, high-pressure, anaerobic (without oxygen) environment is perfect for producing bacterial and fungal invasion of the frog and solar tissue.

Daily inspection and cleaning of the hooves is critical to successful resolution of the infection. Pads also tend to trap moisture in the bottom of the foot and facilitate such bacterial or fungal growth. Yeast infections during pregnancy: what to do, "Balanitis Clinical Presentation. As a consequence, it leads to unhealthy frogs and atrophy. CW Daniel Company, 196, pp. Killing an army of microscopic fungi may be doable, but the spores they leave behind are virtually bullet-proof; they patiently wait for those favorable conditions to return, at which time they “hatch” and re-form a brand-new army! Thereafter, the horse should be kept in clean, dry stall conditions and the frog should be cleaned and treated regularly until the infection is controlled and the tissues heel. As with some of the homemade thrush creations, these products can dry out the hoof and should be used carefully. In other words, where most horses live on a daily basis.

Severe cases of thrush must be differentiated from canker, which is a proliferative disease where abnormal frog tissue increases in comparison to thrush, which is a degenerative disease where the horn of the frog deteriorates (Figures 1a & 1b). After the hoof is blotted and air-dried, a number of topical Thrush remedies are available that can then be applied to reduce bacterial colonization and improve healing. Horses that spend time in unsanitary conditions like dirty stalls, are also more susceptible to the bacteria.


Sometimes, portions of the diseased frog will need to be removed by an equine veterinarian or farrier. customer reviews: blubonic food grade hydrogen peroxide 12% (derived from 35%) stabilizer free, pure oxygen and water h2o2 (32 fl oz (quart)). The most important is that horses eliminate (manure and urine) from the back end and the hind feet are more likely to be standing in this material than are the front feet, particularly in a stall situation. For chronic cases, repeat this process 3-4 days after each trim. Thrush can be classified in anyone of three categories: If a horse's hooves are not regularly and correctly trimmed, it leads to an imbalance caused by the fact that heels grow too long.

Treatment for horses with thrush includes twice-daily picking of the feet, taking special care to clean out the two collateral grooves and the central sulcus. Consequently, a horse whose exposed to "clean" mud that is predominantly free of manure and urine, isn't likely to develop thrush but one who stands in urine-soaked bedding for most of the day is a prime candidate. Horses in moist areas are more prone to thrush. First is to understand and correct the particular environmental conditions that have led to the development of thrush. Don’t despair. If you have any concerns, you should discuss things with either a farrier or a vet who would recommend the best and fastest way of treating the condition before too much damage is done to the frog. In earlier times, before people knew about bacteria, horsemen thought thrush was caused by secretions from the frog itself that collected in the clefts, making the frog moist and foul.