Vaginal Yeast Infection

Yeast infections are simple to diagnose. It is important to remember that thrush rarely occurs in post-menopausal women unless they are on hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Treatment is usually needed for longer during pregnancy.

Thrush can occasionally be passed on to sexual partners. What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Candidiasis? It may be associated with the following factors: Many women have Candida in their vagina without it causing any problems. But while a vaginal yeast infection doesn’t cause long-term complications, untreated BV can. That keep coming back (e. )This article explores eight home remedies for a yeast infection to help people find what works best for them.

  • Women who choose to self-treat with over the counter thrush preparations should see their doctor if symptoms persist or recur as they may have a different condition (e.)
  • Try also to ensure that you are getting enough of these essential fats in your food.

Other names for this infection are candidiasis or monilia. Some examples are: Thrush isn't an STI and it is unusual for it to be passed on during sex. Hydrogen peroxide Hydrogen peroxide is a bacteria and yeast-killing antiseptic. Lack of oestrogen makes vulvovaginal candidiasis less common in younger and older postmenopausal women. Not only will you alleviate uncomfortable symptoms, but you can also reduce the chances of the infection becoming more widespread in your body.

Learn more about Vaginal Yeast Infection

Thrush can develop following changes in lifestyle, health or habit. Vaginitis (Web Page). Vulvovaginal candidiasis - known as thrush - is caused by the overgrowth of the fungus candida. To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected] Male thrush, treatment for this type of thrush is the same as for nappy thrush:. Wearing tight jeans or nylon panties or pantyhose which restrict the air flow around the vagina creates just such an environment. Cranberry juice and yoghurt are two foods that taken regularly may help prevent thrush occurring. There’s no strong research to support the use of hydrogen peroxide to treat vaginal infections. Many women experience at least two episodes.

  • Although thrush can be passed on during sex, it is not a sexually transmitted infection, and it can affect people even when they do not have sex.
  • Can I self-diagnose vaginal thrush?
  • What’s key is if you experience other hallmark symptoms too, such as redness, burning, and itchiness.
  • Only use tea tree oil occasionally, and never swallow it.
  • A girl wears clothing (especially underwear) that's too tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture.
  • Many home remedies are safe for the most people with yeast infections.
  • We need to ensure that we use our protocol questions and refer all situations of vaginal thrush to the pharmacist before a product can be recommended, as most items for vaginal thrush are classified as S2 or S3, pharmacy and pharmacist only medications.

Yeast Infection (vaginal)

You do not need to treat partners unless they have symptoms. How is thrush tested and treated? Their use is based on common practice rather than research studies: The groin area is especially prone to Candida overgrowth because of skin folds and moisture. These plant-based products can be powerful, but so far, no research has shown that essential oils work better for yeast infections than conventional methods. Soap substitutes can be used.

Another 5% will suffer from recurrent thrush, which is having four or more infections a year. Oestrogen causes the lining of the vagina to mature and to contain glycogen, a substrate on which C. Every step is agonising and it’s hard to resist the urge to scratch your genitals incessantly. NHS inform (2020). Once you are certain what you're dealing with you can treat it with a short course of anti fungal medication - you can get this on prescription from your doctor or just from your local pharmacy. Lab tests are usually ordered for women who have yeast infections on a regular basis or for infections that won’t go away. Persistent thrush or recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis is defined as at least four episodes of symptomatic thrush within the last year. The main types used to treat thrush are:

When should I see my GP about thrush?

Wear loose-fitting, cotton underwear. These are available without a prescription and are available to purchase online, or are found in: Once you get a yeast infection, you’re also more likely to get another one. They're normally applied to the skin two or three times a day for at least two weeks. Vaginal thrush can affect women and girls of all ages, but it is rare before puberty or after menopause. Everyone is different, so your symptoms may differ from a friend’s.

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Bleeding between periods or after having sex. There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. The exact opposite can happen too, where a man might develop a penile yeast infection from a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. You may also want to rub some anti-yeast cream on to the skin around the vagina for a few days, especially if it is itchy. Wear skirts or dresses with cotton pants and avoid pantyhose as much as possible. A UTI can also cause frequent urination along with pelvic and abdominal pain. Up to 40% of women seek alternatives to treat vaginal yeast infection.

For VVT caused by fungus other than C. An apple cider vinegar bath is not the same as douching, which aims to flush out all bacteria (good and bad) from your vagina. The traditional treatment is a course of antifungal vaginal pessaries or cream. How is vaginal thrush diagnosed?

How Common Is Thrush?

It is uncommon before her first menstrual cycle and after menopause (when periods cease), so hormones are likely implicated. What if the treatment doesn't work? Some doctors recommend that you look at your own vulva regularly to look for any changes.

There's also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact (oral-genital sex). Considering a majority of those with chlamydia show no symptoms, asking the doctor to be tested for chlamydia while already at an appointment would be beneficial, especially if the woman feels she may be at risk (29). Recurrent attacks may be the result of hormonal changes leading to some women experiencing monthly attacks. If your sexual partner is a woman, she may be at risk. Raw organic coconut oil can be applied internally or externally to ease symptoms.

Read more about the treatment of vaginal thrush. A Hungarian study of 370 patients with confirmed vaginal yeast infections identified the following types of infection: The best choice would be to buy these tea tree vaginal suppositories here. When clinics are at full capacity, patients asking to be seen will be triaged and those who fit our urgent criteria will be a priority. You may also be more prone to recurring episodes (recurrent thrush) although some women develop repeated episodes of thrush with no obvious triggers. Garlic is particularly effective against Candida albicans. Uncomplicated thrush occurs sporadically in healthy women and is mild and caused by C. A smelly or coloured discharge.

Oral Antifungal Medicines

Even if you choose one of these external methods, it’s a good idea to take a good oral probiotic alongside. Take garlic as a supplement when you are trying to eliminate an attack of thrush and as prevention if you are prone to attacks. This is called recurrent candidiasis and is best managed by a doctor with a special interest in the area.

  • Normally, it causes no problems.
  • Tea tree oil has been shown to have antifungal properties.
  • In women, consider sexually transmitted causes of vaginal discharge on the basis of sexual history and consider testing for chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
  • They can refer you for tests or see a specialist if needed.
  • If you think you might have thrush, go and see your pharmacist to get some advice – you can get treatments over-the-counter.
  • They may also change each time you get thrush, so watch out for these common symptoms and whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or more complicated.

What Causes Thrush

Avoid spermicidal condoms. Some treatments can also weaken latex condoms and diaphragms (see above), so you may want to avoid having sex or use another form of contraception during treatment and for a few days afterwards. About 5-8% of the reproductive age female population will have four or more episodes of symptomatic Candida infection per year; this condition is called recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC).


A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection. This is a stick with a cotton bud at the end of it. Antibiotic use. This is the basis of the over-the-counter test for thrush. Avoid using bubble bath or other soap products which may alter the balance of organisms in the vagina. It tends to reduce in amount after menopause.

You can help prevent thrush by: BV is usually treated with either oral or vaginal antibiotics or antibacterial creams. Candida normally inhabits the vagina, mouth and digestive tract in small numbers and is normally harmless. Untreated trichomoniasis has been linked with an increased risk of acquiring HIV and of transmitting other STIs. Three out of four women are thought to develop thrush at least once and 6% suffer repeatedly, scientists say. It is most likely to occur in babies, toddlers, the elderly and people with compromised immunity such as HIV or cancer patients. Vaginal thrush may also be treated with anti-thrush tablets that you take by mouth, but these are usually kept for the most difficult cases and used in conjunction with vaginal treatment, under the supervision of your doctor. Fluctuations in hormones are thought to be a cause of yeast infections before your period, causing imbalances in healthy bacteria in the vagina.

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However, extreme caution must be used when using tea tree oil, as it can irritate the skin, and the vaginal walls are particularly sensitive. Vaginal thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI) but in some cases it can be passed on during sex. If you suffer from Thrush regularly we recommend you attend a sexual health clinic to discuss treatment and management options. The symptoms may not be due to thrush.

It is a fungus that lives almost everywhere, including in your body.

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Other factors that can contribute to the condition are: Oral antifungal medicines containing fluconazole or less frequently, itraconazole, may be used if C albicans infection is severe or recurrent. Thrush is the second most common cause of a vaginal discharge. While it won’t work on every species of yeast, some women swear by using hydrogen peroxide topically when they get a yeast infection. If your symptoms get worse or an over-the-counter treatment doesn’t help, contact your GP surgery, or go to your local sexual health clinic. The following measures can help to prevent thrush:

We can carry a developing child in our womb and we can certainly put up with a lot of pain as proven during child birth. Frontiers, the orthologs of transporters from the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) classes of efflux proteins have been reported in C. Symptoms which suggest your symptoms are NOT due to thrush include: 5 or less suggests thrush.

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Thrush is very common in pregnant women as a result of high levels of reproductive hormones. Oral azoles may require a prescription. Yeast infection in women Yeast infections are extremely common in women. It is impossible to predict how long persistent thrush may last for individual women, but the good thing is most will respond to long-term therapy, and it will eventually ease. Taking a swab is an important step in obtaining a diagnosis. Will sexual partners need treatment?

However, the natural pH balance of the vagina that keeps candida under control can be upset by many factors. If you are especially prone to thrush it may be worth using a short course of antifungal vaginal pessaries at the same time as your antibiotics to prevent thrush problems. Side-effects are uncommon, but read the information leaflet that comes with the treatment for full information. Other species of yeast often colonise the vagina but cause no harm.


Vaginal thrush is an infection of the vagina and/or vulva with a yeast germ called candida. Recognising what is 'abnormal', however, is sometimes difficult for women, as vaginal discharge differs in consistency and amount during different phases of the menstrual cycle and different life stages. What causes vaginal thrush? Stay away from feminine hygiene products such as douches and deodorant sprays. Numerous lifestyle changes have been suggested to prevent thrush. Alternatively a lower dose is used for several days.

If you have diabetes. These are the symptoms associated with vaginal thrush: Candidal vulvovaginitis in pregnancy should be treated with intravaginal clotrimazole or nystatin for at least 7 days. A 2020 study found oregano essential oil to be effective in altering thegrowth of C. Azo yeast® plus helps to relieve symptoms of vaginal infection*. Yeast infection vs.

Only in specific circumstances (e. )If your daughter is not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call the doctor. Vaginal infections, an example is estrogen, which controls the function of female reproductive organs. This means your contraception might not work. © Women's Health Queensland Wide Inc.

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See you GP if you notice any of these symptoms. However, it can usually be treated with medication available from pharmacies or on prescription from your GP. If symptoms do occur in women, they can include: Look for oil of oregano made from wild oregano, or Origanum vulgare, like the one here. A probiotic is the opposite of an antibiotic, which means that it encourages rather than destroys bacteria in the body.

Women who suspect they may have BV or a vaginal infection should visit their doctor. There are probiotic pessaries that can be inserted into the vagina. Vaginal thrush should clear up within a week of completing treatment. Certain conditions are known to be associated with recurrent thrush. There may also be soreness of the vulva. If your sexual partner is a man, the risk of infection is low.

Some recommend formulations such as aci-gel or vinegar to restore the normal pH of the vagina. Vaginal bleeding (spotting) causes & treatment, the itching generally associated with hemorrhoids can also cause itching or irritation in the vaginal area. The symptoms of a yeast infection in men may not be as prominent, though you might see redness and white patches along the penis as well as burning and itchy sensations. Recurrent thrush may be associated with a variety of other symptoms including irritable bowel syndrome, increased premenstrual tension, dry eyes, anal irritation, cystitis, fluid retention and dermatitis.

What Are The Symptoms Of Vaginal Thrush?

The most common microorganisms associated with abnormal vaginal discharge are: A review of research on this essential oil confirmed its ability to kill a range of yeasts and fungi. You can buy effective treatments without a prescription from pharmacies. Your doctor may also test for sexually transmissible infections, which can cause similar symptoms. Yoghurt has shown to be helpful in preventing attacks of yeast, but a probiotic supplement goes one step further to actually treat a yeast infection.

On blokes it can cause redness and around the head of the penis as well as irritation and discharge. Also, people can be allergic to tea tree oil. About 75% cent of women will have vaginal thrush in their lifetime. Candida infection can follow a course of antibiotics and is common in people with diabetes or low immunity, such as HIV infection. Practices include: Wash your vaginal area with water and avoid perfumed soaps, shower gels, vaginal deodorants, or douches.

The main types are: Use of antibiotics in the future should be minimal and if required a combination of probiotics, B vitamins and diet may be included for a short period. A yeast infection in the vagina is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. Read more about recurrent vaginal thrush. Up to half of women self-medicating for thrush, have a different condition, such as lichen sclerosis (LS) or dermatitis (20).

It also often occurs following a course of antibiotics and is common in women with diabetes.

Sexual Health Checks

As girls mature and go through puberty, hormonal changes can put them at risk for yeast infections — sometimes, girls get yeast infections right before their menstrual periods. The number of cases of vaginal yeast infection is not entirely clear because it is not a reportable disease and it is commonly diagnosed clinically without laboratory confirmation. Contrary to popular belief, the oral contraceptive pill makes no significant difference to a woman's chances of getting thrush. If the natural pH balance is altered, the level of yeast increases and can develop into a thrush infection. One week's treatment with a cream from the anti-candidal group of medicines called azoles, inserted into the vagina every night, is the most effective means of eradicating the yeast from the vagina. The long-acting progestogen contraceptives, Depo-Provera (injection) and Implanon (implant), however, do lower the incidence of thrush, because they suppress ovarian production of oestrogen and contain no oestrogen themselves. Don’t use douches unless advised by your doctor, and avoid vaginal deodorant sprays and scented vaginal lotions. What does a test for thrush involve?

These are NOT symptoms of thrush:

Pregnancy also increases vaginal alkalinity, as does use of the oral contraceptive pill. Thrush is a very common cause of itch and discomfort in the genital area. Treatment for babies and children may be as simple as a probiotic powder, or for older children the addition of natural acidophilus yoghurt to the diet. Vaginal candidiasis can very rarely cause congenital candidiasis in newborns. Don’t spend extended periods of time in wet clothes or bathing suits. Special infection centres can provide treatment even if your own GP cannot. None of these have been proven to be effective.

What are the treatments for vaginal thrush? Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of yeast within the vagina, and are very common, affecting around 75% of women at least once in their lifetime. Newer formulations include butoconazole and terconazole creams. Your child’s pediatrician will likely prescribe a topical antifungal cream to treat yeast infections of the skin. The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Barrier protection (condoms) should always be used when having sex with a partner whose previous sexual habits or partners are unknown.