Bacterial Vaginosis vs Yeast Infection: What is the Difference?

Sexual intercourse during treatment for a vaginal infection is not recommended. Certain conditions, including pregnancy, malnutrition, poor health, and diabetes, mellitus carry a greater risk of vaginitis. Some research has shown that wild oregano oil can prevent the growth of Candida albicans. The fishy smell is often more noticeable after vaginal sex.

  • What if the father of the baby takes metronidazole?
  • Vaginitis also can occur because of atrophic changes.

This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Depending on the antibiotic you are prescribed, you may take it by mouth or use it vaginally. 75 percent metronidazole gel (MetroGel-Vaginal) and 2 percent clindamycin cream (Cleocin).

It should be treated with either oral antibiotics that go after non oxygen liking bacteria (Flagyl) or vaginal creams that contain the same antibiotic (Metronidazole) or the antibiotic Clindamycin.

Picture of Yeast Infections (Thrush in Babies)

Squeeze the tube of gel gently to fill the applicator. Screening and treatment is appropriate for pregnant women with symptomatic BV. 25 Risks and benefits of treatment must be considered in formulating a treatment plan for pregnant patients who have T. For more information, please see the MotherToBaby fact sheet Paternal Exposures and Pregnancy at https: Bacterial vaginosis often recurs. B with a long course of fluconazole. To prepare you for the long cold and flu season ahead, read up on three commonly used anti-cold drugs and the sneaky effect they can have on your vagina. Use this medicine at bedtime.

People with an allergy or sensitivity to metronidazole should also not take Flagyl. This drug should not be used with the following medication because very serious interactions may occur: Think you may have a yeast infection or BV? If you experience symptoms, such as a change in the color and consistency of vaginal fluid, genital itching or burning, you may have a vaginal infection, which, if left untreated, can lead to health complications.

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10,11This medication is not FDA-approved for this purpose and must be made by a compounding pharmacy. Preventing an STI is easier than treating an infection after it occurs. Do men get thrush and yeast infections? When yeast infections occur in women, they might complain of an itching or burning sensation in their genital area or you may notice a thick, white discharge that’s commonly likened to cottage cheese. It may require long-term or repeated treatment. A man’s body does not have an equivalent place that provides a friendly ecosystem for organisms and microflora like anaerobic bacteria and lactobacilli to grow.

The suppository takes about one hour to be completely absorbed and do its work. Flagyl, Flagyl ER, and Flagyl Injection (metronidazole) are antimicrobial drugs used to treat bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas, amebiasis, and anaerobic bacterial infections. DRUG INTERACTIONS:  It is used to treat a wide variety of infections, including those in the abdomen, bones, joints, nervous system, respiratory tract, and skin, as well as vaginal and intestinal infections. Some women with yeast infections notice an increase or change in discharge.

Yogurt contains lots of healthy bacteria and is a natural probiotic. Ugh, talk about no fun! Women who have a new sex partner or multiple sex partners are at an increased risk for getting BV, although it is occasionally diagnosed in women who have never had sex. With so many of us coming down with colds right now, odds are good that you'll be taking cold medicine soon too (or meds that treat related conditions, such as the flu, strep throat, or a sinus infection). Use condoms consistently.

Exams and Tests

Once this has been documented, there are various therapies you can try. Usually the benefits of the medicine are more important than any minor side effects. Medicine placed in your vagina is harder to use during your period, but your doctor may recommend continuing treatment during this time. Vulvar burning. Metronidazole (met-roe-NYE-da-zole) is an antibiotic used to treat infections. You will find a full list in the manufacturer's information leaflet supplied with your gel.

Overgrowth of yeast also can occur if the body’s immune system, which protects the body from disease, is not working well. Standardized dilutions of stool samples were cultured on several aerobic and anaerobic as well as fungal culture agars (CLED agar, Clostridium difficile selective agar with D-cyclo serine and cefoxitin, Mannitol salt agar, Rose Bengal Chloramphenicol agar, Yeast extract Cystein blood agar with gentamicin and nalidixic acid, and Drigalski agar). And yet studies find that as many as one-third of women entering obstetric clinics have a BV infection.

Inside Pain:

What is Diflucan? The symptoms of BV are very similar to those of a yeast infection, which is why it's important to see your ob/gyn for a diagnosis before self-treating. Now, let's get to your concern about repetitive vaginal infections. Generally, the treatment for trichomoniasis is metronidazole, which is usually prescribed in one large oral dose or several smaller doses taken over three to seven days. Again, I want to point out that several studies have shown that up to 50 percent of women who thought they had yeast vaginitis actually had something else. How do I identify BV and avoid it in the future? More recent studies could find no evidence that using metronidazole during pregnancy increases the chance for birth defects.

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), also known as thrush, is a fungal infection of the vagina. The presence of small gram-negative rods or gram-variable rods and the absence of longer lactobacilli on a Gram stain of the vaginal discharge also is highly predictive of bacterial vaginosis. Yeast infections: causes and risk factors, it’s a good idea to do a patch test on a small area of skin before applying them to larger areas of the body. Here are some important things to think about:

Hillier S, et al. Experts don't typically recommend women use oil-based lubricants like petroleum jelly because they can stick around in the vagina for too long, disrupting the pH and causing an infection. The most important thing you can do is to reestablish healthy levels of probiotics in your body during and after your Flagyl treatment. Streicher says. It’s important to take all the medication as prescribed, even if your symptoms go away.

Parenting Guide

This condition is not caused by an infection but can cause a discharge and vaginal irritation. A white vaginal discharge that may look like cottage cheese and may be odorless or have a yeasty smell (like bread or beer). You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.

Despite adequate treatment, BV recurs in 30 percent of women within three months. If they occur, most are likely to be minor and temporary. You can buy over-the-counter yeast medication, but be sure to see your doctor if: It is unlikely.

When considering treatment for bacterial vaginosis, ask your doctor whether you should: Read the instructions provided with it and follow these steps: Your nurse, doctor, or local Planned Parenthood health center can help you figure out the best treatment if you struggle with chronic BV.


Antibiotics kill the problem bacteria causing bacterial vaginosis symptoms. One of the best products of this type on the market is BoriCap, they offer same day shipment making it easier for you to start your treatment as soon as possible. Because these symptoms are not specific for vulvovaginal candidiasis, family physicians also should consider other causes.

  • 19 In fact, the CDC10 advises that topical clindamycin cream may increase the risk of prematurity and neonatal infections.
  • One 150-mg tablet orally once per week Culture and sensitivity results should be used to guide therapy, because non–C.
  • Flagyl 200 mg - 200 mg metronidazole/tablet Flagyl 400 mg - 400 mg metronidazole/tablet Flagyl S - 200 mg -metronidazole benzoate/5 mL of liquid Flagyl suppositories - 500 mg metronidazole/suppository.
  • This drug passes into breast milk.
  • How this works.
  • The extended-release tablets are used to treat vaginal infections.

After taking/using Flagyl

The most common therapies are metronidazole (Flagyl), and clindamycin (Cleocin). Flagyl does pass into breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. Taking medicine as your doctor suggests will improve your health and may prevent future problems.

If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. ” You might notice a slight odor with a yeast infection, she says, but it’s “not foul” like the one that accompanies BV. McDonald HM, et al. Cackovic has also seen women in an STD clinic he works at develop bacterial vaginosis as a result of having a foreign body stuck in the vagina, "like tampons, or old condoms," he says. It is always important to practice safer sex to prevent sexually transmitted infections, whether or not you have bacterial vaginosis. In one study,30 the presence of vulvovaginal candidiasis was confirmed in only 33. But, when the beneficial bacteria cannot keep up and bad bacteria overgrow, you can get a bacterial infection, or Bacterial Vaginosis (BV). Yeast infection, candidiasis of the skin often causes a red, itchy rash to form, most commonly in the folds of the skin. Nearly 95 percent of the vaginal mucous membrane, which protects against bacteria and other pathogens, is made up of healthy bacteria called lactobacilli.


However, the dose is usually not more than 4000 mg per day. Some types of lube can also trigger a bacterial infection like vaginosis. Do not remove the foil/plastic wrapper while you are chilling it. What is Flagyl?


They live in perfect harmony, along with yeast, maintaining the vagina's pH and healthy ecosystem. Clindamycin is known to weaken latex condoms for up to three days after you use the cream. Neutropenia will likely go away after you stop taking metronidazole tablets or capsules. Increased glycogen production (a form of sugar) by the cells lining the vagina during the second half of your menstrual cycle (luteal phase). The most common side effects that can occur while taking metronidazole tablets or capsules include: The dose is usually 7.

The reason for increased BV in this population is not clear.

It is also used to prevent or treat certain infections that may occur during surgery. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: Take it for one day. “This might help because it works more locally rather than drying things up all over.

Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or a new yeast infection. You should not have sexual intercourse while you are being treated with metronidazole vaginal gel. Oral thrush: overview, the yeast can be seen under a microscope after being scraped off the affected area. Call the OWH HELPLINE: Menopausal women may get atrophic vaginitis associated with thinning of the walls of the vagina.

Serious Side Effects

You may have a little itching or burning when you pee, but many people don’t have noticeable irritation or discomfort. Metronidazole is primarily used to treat: Serious side effects can occur while taking metronidazole tablets or capsules. Another way to maintain healthy levels of friendly bacteria in your vagina is to insert probiotic suppositories, such as Canesflor, every night before going to bed for the duration of your antibiotic treatment and at least a week after the treatment is finished. And yet an estimated 29 percent of women aged 14 to 49 and 50 percent of African American women have BV. Think of it this way: Less effective alternatives include metronidazole in a single 2-g oral dose, oral clindamycin, and intra-vaginal clindamycin ovules.

How Much To Take/use

Unfortunately, there is a high rate of recurrence after therapy. Only five percent have the recurrent form of this disorder, (defined by the experts as four or more documented episodes in a year). Oligonucleotide probes. The other two infections are trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted disease, and the fungal infection commonly known as a yeast infection. How to treat “thrush tongue” naturally, you may notice a dry, cotton-mouth sensation. This medicine may be taken as a pill by mouth (orally). An antibiotic used to treat, among other kinds of infections, certain types of vaginitis. These bacteria/organisms may continue to grow and multiply so that your infection may not clear completely or may return. Thoroughly clean diaphragms, cervical caps, and spermicide applicators after each use.

Trouble breathing. Normal vaginal pH is somewhere between 3. My first concern is whether you are indeed suffering from yeast infections. BV can be treated with over the counter topical (vaginal) or oral antibiotics such as metronidazole or clindamycin. Your doctor will advise you.

How Is Bacterial Vaginosis Diagnosed?

This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as paraben preservatives), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. If those levels rise, it means there’s not enough Lactobacillus and too much of the less-friendly bacteria. The normal vaginal pH is 3. But taking antibiotics on a long-term basis—as opposed to a short course for something like a UTI—may have more of an effect on the balance of vagina flora, she says. The primary end point of the study was designed to evaluate the incidence of a maximal clinical grade of aGVHD greater than grade I in the two different arms as well as a quantitative comparison of intestinal anaerobic growth suppression. Most women with recurrent BV infection respond well to therapies that help maintain the ratio of "good" to "bad" bacteria in the vagina.