Vaginal Infections

Creams available include brand names such as Monistat, Femstat, Gyne-Lotrimin, and Mycostatin. Sometimes incorrectly called blood poisoning , sepsis is the body’s often deadly response to infection. Given the delicate tissue of the labia, it’s not surprising that both the labia majora and minora are susceptible to swelling.

  • How is it diagnosed?
  • Yeast infections are not known to cause any serious health problems.
  • Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections.
  • Other infections such as bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia can cause similar symptoms.
  • Change out of your sweaty clothes or wet swimsuit as soon as you can.

Yeast loves to grow in damp places. Besides inflammation of the labia, other symptoms of problems with your labia and the vagina it surrounds may include: Compiled using information from the following sources: Ask your healthcare provider: X in a circle Think you may have a yeast infection? It's easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections. Read on to learn more about swollen labia and what can be done to prevent or treat this issue. Treatment consists of removal, for which ring forceps may be useful.

If your yeast infections are more persistent—they do not clear up with local treatment or they keep recurring—your doctor may prescribe a drug (pills taken orally) that circulates in the bloodstream throughout your body. 1 Fluctuating hormonal levels, bacteria, and sexual activities are just a few of the most common reasons women experience vaginal infections and discomfort. The discharge will be odorless. Other remedies such as coconut oil or essential oils do not have any evidence of being effective.

Antibiotic use. A fungal infection in the lungs may cause coughing, fever, chest pain, and muscle aches. The remaining tissue may attach to the vaginal wall and develop into a cyst. These can burst and become painful sores. Wear cotton panties and pantyhose with cotton crotches.

Schedule the exam when you do not have your monthly period.

How Is It Diagnosed?

A physician should be contacted if a single course of nonprescription antifungal therapy is not effective and the vaginal yeast infection reoccurs. A female with a yeast infection might experience: It helps maintain the balance of microorganisms in there. Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology Ninth Ed. Objects such as a lost tampon can also cause irritation, itching, and strong-smelling discharge.

Avoiding the use of feminine hygiene products, vaginal deodorants, and douches is recommended, since they can cause recurrent irritation of the vaginal tissue. Surgery is often necessary to remove a troublesome Gartner’s duct cyst. Most yeast infections lead to itching, burning, and/or redness in or around the vagina. Sepsis and septic shock can result from an infection anywhere in the body, such as pneumonia, influenza, or urinary tract infections.

This fungus generally causes serious illness in people who have impaired immune systems, particularly immune system impairment caused by HIV/AIDS or corticosteroid use. Common causes of swollen labia include: Recognizing the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection is the first step to getting treatment. When should I call my healthcare provider? How do I check?

Department of Health and Human Services, 3 out of 4 women will have a yeast infection at some point during their lifetimes.

Treatments For Vaginitis From A Doctor

Yeast infections are caused from an overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Yeast infections can usually be avoided by doing the following: Be aware, though, that the leading over-the-counter products warn, "Do not use if you have never had a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed by a doctor. "(2) Vulvovaginitis or Vaginitis caused by Candida. How do I treat yeast infections?

Is It Possible to Prevent a Yeast Infection Skin Rash?

Oftentimes, vaginal yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter anti-fungal creams and pessaries. Foreign body vaginitis (most common foreign bodies are retained tampons or condoms) may cause extremely malodorous vaginal discharges. Vaginal itching usually gets worse the longer you have the infection.

Common symptoms of vaginal infection include: Take a shower instead of a bath. The yeast Candida albicans is the most common cause of vaginitis. 5 million different species of fungi on Earth. Fungal infections are treated with anti-fungal medications specific to the particular fungus that caused the infection. An infection will often arise after treatment with oral antibiotics, which kill the protective bacteria and allow the fungus to survive and flourish. The OWH helpline does not provide medical advice.

Yeast infections symptoms can be similar to other infections and STD’s. Co-located with the Shands Jacksonville Hospital, the Jacksonville Health Science Center excels in education, research and patient care that expresses our abiding values of compassion, excellence, professionalism and innovation. Other skin conditions: The following symptoms may indicate the presence of infection: These bacteria are sometimes spread from the rectum to the vaginal area by wiping from back to front after using the toilet.

It’s most common in areas that stay warm and moist, like under the breasts, in the groin, or in any area where there are skin folds.
  • However, if an over-the-counter does not work, it could be a different type of vaginal infection and evaluation in a clinic is needed.
  • Having a history of STIs or multiple sexual partners increases the risk of getting trichomoniasis.

How can I confirm a yeast infection?

All rights reserved. Otherwise, you might make the vaginal irritation worse and you and your sex partner could re-infect each other. Many people may self-diagnose a yeast infection when they are experiencing symptoms. The fungus candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections. However, it is most common in young girls before puberty, particularly girls with poor genital hygiene. When your immune system is strong and healthy, it maintains a balance of candida. So, when undesirable symptoms appear 'down there,' should you consult your physician or self diagnose and treat with over-the-counter (OTC) medications?

  • If walking in a locker room, pool, or a communal shower, wear flip flops or sandals to keep your skin from touching the floor.
  • Moist diapers can lead to an overgrowth of yeast.
  • To diagnose a yeast infection, a healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and do a pelvic exam.
  • The lesions are usually rimmed with small, red-based pustules and they commonly appear in folds of the skin; i.
  • Pain or bleeding with sex.
  • The act of sex involves a lot of friction, which can cause trauma to your labia and entire vaginal area unless it’s properly lubricated.

What should I do if I get repeat yeast infections?

But you should probably see your gynecologist (the internet is not a doctor ), or at least call them to tell them you think you have one, because there's a small chance the symptoms could be indicative of a more serious medical condition, like an STI or even diabetes. Candidal vaginitis. Both the vaginal and oral treatments have similar cure rates— around 80-90% (6,8). Gartner’s duct cysts tend to be harmless, but they can become problematic when they grow. Founded in 1956, the University of Florida College of Nursing is the premier educational institution for nursing in the state of Florida and is ranked in the top 10 percent of all nursing graduate programs nationwide. It’s also found in your digestive system.

Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Vaginitis is a name for swelling, itching, burning or infection in the vagina that can be caused by several different germs. Change underwear and pantyhose every day. Tea tree oil and garlic both have antifungal properties, but there is not enough research to show that they are effective at treating a yeast infection (9,11). At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope. An over-the-counter pain reliever or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) may help if the swelling is causing pain. Yeast infections are treated with a pill that you swallow, or with a vaginal cream or vaginal suppository (a partially solid material that you insert into your vagina, where it dissolves and releases medicine). Your body temperature will melt the suppository and a small amount may leak onto medicine even if you have a menstrual period during this time.

Bartholin’s Cyst

The doctor may measure the level of acidity in the vaginal area and take samples to examine under the microscope. However, many women with a bacterial imbalance may not experience any symptoms. Fungi live outdoors in soil and on plants and trees. What are the risk factors for yeast infection?

Your doctor can do a swab and confirm under the microscope whether it is an overgrowth of yeast or not. Symptoms range from mild vaginal itching or burning to severe itching, swelling, and burning, accompanied by a white, watery or thick discharge. Specific forms of vaginal inflammation include the following types: It’s natural for the labia to vary in size — from woman to woman and even from one side of the labia to the other. People with vaginal swelling often assume that they have a yeast infection, but this is just one of many possibilities. The partner of someone who has a yeast infection does not automatically have to be treated unless symptoms appear.

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If you prefer a less messy alternative to the creams that are sold OTC, ask your physician for a prescription medication such as Diflucan, a one-dose oral medication. The symptoms of a fungal infection depend on what part of the body is affected. Vaginal yeast infection symptoms, treatments, home remedies & causes, how is bacterial vaginosis treated? There are over-the-counter creams that you can use on your vulva to help calm the irritation. Most women have one or more of these yeast infection symptoms: Candida is part of the normal “flora” of bacteria and fungi that live in the human body.

The main symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor. Avoid sexual intercourse until the infection is gone. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): This is because vaginal infections caused by bacteria, as well as some sexually transmitted infections (STI), may have symptoms very similar to those caused by yeast, but they require different treatments. If an infection is present, there will be a vaginal smell that is strongest after sexual intercourse, and perhaps an increased amount of thin vaginal discharge, which may be white or discolored. If you have sex less than 24 hours before the exam, use condoms. The creamy white patches typical of thrush cling to the tongue and sides of the mouth and may be painful. Symptoms include itching of the vaginal and vulva, burning, redness, and swelling of the vagina, thick, white discharge, pain with urination, and pain with sexual intercourse.

(7) Systemic Candidiasis. But when something allows this yeast to proliferate uncontrollably (like taking antibiotics, which can hamper the activity of healthy bacteria that curb yeast production), you can wind up with an infection. This can also lead to a longer recovery. This sounds pretty grody, but it’s actually totally natural to have yeast in your vagina. What treatment do you recommend? There are several recommendations for the prevention of recurring vaginal yeast infections that may be effective. Anyone experiencing uncomfortable vaginal swelling during pregnancy should consult a doctor about safe medications.

When Are Prescription Medications Used For The Treatment Of Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Diagnosis is made through a pelvic exam and by measuring how acidic or alkaline the vagina is. Therefore, the key factor is to get a precise diagnosis and treat with broad spectrum anti-infective agents (often also inducing adverse effects). A warm, shallow bath may help to ease the pain, and over-the-counter medications can reduce pain and swelling. Red, sore and sometimes swollen labia (vaginal lips). Rinse well and pat dry. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Chemicals can cause itchy rashes in the genital area.