Yeast Infections During Pregnancy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

This condition may be caused by a variety of non-infectious and infectious conditions, including STDs. Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis are two common causes of vaginitis. It is caused by an overgrowth of yeast called Candida albicans that occurs naturally in us all. When this happens in the vagina, it's called a vaginal yeast infection.

Similar symptoms may also occur if you have an infection in your cervix with gonorrhea or chlamydia. In most women, abnormal uterine bleeding is caused by a hormone imbalance. If you have more than four yeast infections in a year, see your doctor. Bleeding from scratching. So can certain health problems, like diabetes or HIV infection. It's usually harmless but it can be uncomfortable and keep coming back. If an infection hasn't been fully treated, there is the chance you could pass it to your partner and then become infected again.

  • Symptoms of a yeast infection can be similar to those of other infections, such as STIs.
  • Men rarely develop yeast infections, since the penis doesn't provide the warm moist environment in which yeast flourish.
  • Your individual symptoms will depend on which area is affected.
  • That’s good news, as infections are exceedingly common.

But seeing an unexpected color of vaginal discharge may give you pause (which is the more low-key way of saying it might totally freak you out). Correct and consistent use of a condom will decrease your risk of contracting not only chlamydia, but other sexually transmitted infections as well. Reduced estrogen levels after menopause and some skin disorders can also cause vaginitis. With bacterial vaginosis, you may have vaginal discharge that’s grayish, foamy, and smells fishy. Vaginal discharge infections usually occur when the vagina is least protected by normal acidity levels.

  • “They have many blood vessels feeding them and can bleed if bumped around, so you’d see small amounts of blood after intercourse,” she says.
  • Anything you put into your vagina has the potential to cause irritation and disrupt your pH balance.
  • Vaginitis has a number of different causes.
  • This condition happens due to an overgrowth of “bad” bacteria in your vagina.

Other Treatment

Unlike many antifungal creams that can cause more irritation, Ozonated olive oil has a unique ability to reduce the yeast infection infection on one hand, while helping to soothe skin irritation and accelerate wound healing at the same time. If you think you may have symptoms of an STI: When the fungus in the vagina has been escalated to grow too much, it causes a vaginal yeast infection. Risk factors for an STI include having sex without a condom or having more than one sex partner. You may notice a spot of blood in your underwear or after you wipe with toilet paper. What are the symptoms of a fungal infection?

That’s true whether you’re menstruating or not.

Examples Of Fungal Infections

Bleeding during treatment. These infections can be quite serious. You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: “Not to be exposed to whatever you are having a reaction to,” Moore says. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. “Your doctor can talk to you about options that include lubricants, moisturizers, and vaginal estrogen,” says Dr. These women are said to have dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

It is even more important to get treatment if this is the case. Repeat steps 4 and 5 in the shower, where it is easier to examine the breasts when they are slippery from soap and water. How can I prevent yeast infections? Some doctors advise that women avoid sex during treatment.

Foul smelling discharge. Since the symptoms of yeast infection are also similar to many other diseases, such as sexually transmitted diseases or infections, over-the-counter medication should be carefully considered, especially if the yeast infection occurs for the first time. This can lead to pelvic pain and polymenorrhea. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are more likely to occur during the week before a menstrual period.


They're normally applied to the skin two or three times a day for at least two weeks. Irregular menstrual periods (metrorrhagia) can be due to benign growths in the cervix, such as cervical polyps. All of these can wipe out friendly bacteria and allow Candida to stage a comeback. They can refer you for tests or see a specialist if needed.

You also notice sores or blisters in the vagina. One good choice is cotton underwear. The oil in some medicines weakens latex, the material often used to make these devices. Some of the most common STDs are trichomonas, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Talk to your doctor before you try unproven home treatment methods, such as applying tea tree oil in the vagina or taking garlic supplements.

Wear loose, breathable cotton clothing and cotton underwear. Often this discharge may have a foul smell. The cause depends on what type of vaginitis you have: When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully. Regular exercise throughout the month can reduce PMS symptoms, fluid retention, and stress. Most of these fungi are harmless, however certain types can cause serious fungal infections in some people. The rash can be controlled by frequent changing and, if needed, medicated powders.

Yeast Infection Signs and Symptoms

You should have a pelvic exam if you experience the following: A hormone imbalance may also cause your body not to know when to shed the lining. It is not classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Be aware, though, that the leading over-the-counter products warn, "Do not use if you have never had a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed by a doctor. "Include yogurt with “lactobacillus acidophilus” in your diet.

When should I contact my doctor? And, he points out, if your toilet paper is white, it may contain bleach, which can bother your vagina. These are available over-the-counter or with a prescription. Although it’s not usually serious, vaginitis can be annoying and uncomfortable. “Most women do not have symptoms of STIs, which is why it’s important to seek treatment when you do have a symptom like abnormal bleeding,” she says. If you are pregnant, don't use medicine for a yeast infection without talking to your doctor first. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly, most commonly involve excessive, frequent, irregular, or decreased bleeding.

And if one is diagnosed, most of the time, no treatment is necessary.


However, changes in the environment of the vagina can cause an overgrowth of yeast, resulting in infection. It can cause severe infections and spreads easily in healthcare facilities. Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrush, is excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation. All of these descriptions could be considered normal.

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How do I know for sure if I have a yeast infection? Symptoms of these infections include a white or yellow cheeselike discharge from the vagina and burning, itching, and redness along the walls and external area of the vagina. Small pustules may appear, especially at the edges of the rash, and the rash may itch intensely or burn.

These symptoms often are made worse by sexual intercourse. This condition is called pelvic inflammatory disease. The development of these growths is not linked to increased risk of cancer, but if removal is necessary, it can be done with either a local or a general anesthetic. Thrush in otherwise healthy children is not unusual, but in adults it may signal a weakened immune system, possibly caused by cancer, diabetes, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The itching could be a sign that you are developing vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN).

  • If the problems persist, it might be time to visit your doctor—she can prescribe something to help with the symptoms and look into whether something else more complex than your toilet paper brand is the culprit.
  • That said, bleeding isn’t the most common symptom with bacterial vaginosis or a yeast infection.
  • Technically, you can be allergic to certain chemicals, like fragrance, used in your toilet paper.

What Causes A Yeast Infection?

Your immune system has been weakened by anything from a cold or stress to chemotherapy treatments or HIV. A doctor may prescribe a single dose of an antifungal drug called fluconazole. An allergic reaction or irritation from chemicals, such as those found in vaginal sprays, douches, or spermicides. At least once in their lives, most women have experienced the nearly intolerable itching caused by a vaginal yeast infection. Find a Health Center A right arrow in a circle Zip, City, or State We couldn't access your location, please search for a location. Other conditions that cause abnormal menstrual bleeding, or bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly also can be the cause of intermenstrual bleeding. For treatment to be effective, the sexual partner(s) must be treated at the same time as the patient.

Low levels of this hormone promote bone density loss, and by the time these athletes lose their period, their bones have suffered significantly.


These can then be treated if needed. It also increases a women's risk of getting other sexually transmitted infections. You may experience more intense redness, swelling, or itching. The symptoms are similar to vaginal infections: With yeast infections, discharge is usually thick, white, and odorless.


Speaking of which, two out of three women who buy yeast infection meds don't really have a yeast infection, according to the U. Less common but more serious causes include the following: It's important to visit your gyno in either scenario so you can be treated properly. This can help relieve your symptoms and causes fewer side effects than antifungal cream. If you've had thrush before and think you have it again, you can normally treat it with medication bought from a local pharmacy. The high estrogen levels caused by pregnancy or hormone therapy can also cause it.