Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

If baby is nursing at the breast, thrush may be indicated by obvious symptoms in baby’s mouth which appear as white plaques on baby’s cheeks or gum tissue. Thrush usually clears up on its own in infants. Thrush in an infant's mouth can spread to the breast of the nursing mother. When the delicate balance of normal and abnormal bacteria is disturbed, an overgrowth of this fungus may occur. In rare cases, you may need to take medicine through an IV.

  • Antibiotics and immune system problems can raise your risk of thrush.
  • Heavy tobacco smoking is also sometimes associated with thrush because smoke can irritate the tissue lining the mouth, making it easier for yeast as well as other organisms to invade and grow.
  • For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.
  • • You and your doctor may need to investigate other possible causes of pain and skin changes.
  • Everyone has germs in their mouth.

Some medications used for athletes foot (eg Timodine) are foul-tasting and should be avoided at all costs! In most cases, you will put the medicine directly on the white patches. Oral thrush, also known as oral candidiasis, is a condition that occurs when a fungus called Candida albicans builds up on the lining of your mouth. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus. The outcome for oral thrush is generally very good.

7 Due to risk of choking, manufacturers recommend it is not used for babies under 4 months of age and used only with care from 4 to 6 months. Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure. A thrush infection can spread and involve the roof of the mouth and the gums, where it can cause symptoms such as redness and irritation. Thrush is a fungal infection. Thrush is a common infection on a breastfeeding mother's nipples and in breast milk ducts. These include bacteria and yeast. For healthy people, the presence of Candida albicans does not cause any serious problems, but for people with weakened immunity, it can be more serious and difficult to manage.

The corners of the mouth may also become chapped, cracked, and sore (angular cheilitis). Signs and Symptoms Thrush may appear as white or pale yellow spots on the inner surfaces of the mouth and throat, the tongue, and the lips. It can also spread to other members of your family. Thrush may also signal a previously undetected medical condition such as diabetes or, rarely, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the mouth, throat, or esophagus changes in a way that encourages its growth. Breastfeeding mothers should be alert to signs of thrush during a healthy newborn’s first two weeks—that is when the infection is quite common.

  • Patients using a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) for administration of their steroids are recommended to use a "spacer" to lessen the amount of potential residual steroid left in the mouth.
  • Those who are immunocompromised may need oral or IV antifungal medications to control the Candidal infection on an ongoing basis.
  • Contact your doctor if you have redness and pain in the nipples in spite of home treatment or if you have burning pain in the nipple area when you nurse.
  • However, people on certain medications, with reduced immune systems, or certain medical conditions are susceptible to oral thrush when C.
  • You take antibiotics.

Breastfeed If You Have Thrush

Thrush is also associated with previous nipple damage that had been healing. With treatment, you and your baby will be feeling better and back to your normal breastfeeding routine in no time. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. If you have thrush, here are a few things to keep in mind: A single drop of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution is then added to the specimen. If you wear dentures, soak them each night in a chlorhexidine solution that you can get from your pharmacist. The main symptom of oral thrush is creamy white lesions in the mouth, usually on the tongue or inner cheeks. Topical medication will usually need to be used several times a day for around 7 to 14 days.

Nonetheless, experience tells us that yeast infections on other parts of the body can often be addressed without these extra steps. Use a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the lesions. Should you use boric acid to treat a vaginal infection? While you can take care of some breastfeeding issues on your own, this isn't one of them. It is also more likely in people who take certain kinds of medicines.

If antibiotics or corticosteroids are thought to be causing your oral thrush, the medicine – or the way it is delivered – may need to be changed or the dosage reduced. Symptoms of infection of the male genitalia (balanitis thrush) include red skin around the head of the penis, swelling, irritation, itchiness and soreness of the head of the penis, thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskin, unpleasant odour, difficulty retracting the foreskin (phimosis), and pain when passing urine or during sex. How to avoid yeast infections (you're welcome), this disrupts the normal balance of Candida albicans and the "good" protective bacteria in the vagina, thus leading to an overgrowth of Candida albicans. You can have too much of certain fungus, such as Candida.

The KOH dissolves the skin cells, but leaves the Candida cells intact, permitting visualization of pseudohyphae and budding yeast cells typical of many Candida species.

What Are The Symptoms Of Thrush In The Mouth?

Or you can use a denture cleaner, which you can get from most drug or grocery stores. Who can get thrush and is it contagious (pass from person to person)? Candidiasis (moniliasis, thrush).

It's caused by the overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida albicans (also referred to as Monilia, candidiasis, or candidosis). Anyone can develop oral thrush, but babies, young children, older adults, or anyone with a compromised immune system due to an illness such as HIV are more susceptible. However, some practitioners believe thrush may enter milk ducts by tracking back from skin at the nipple, causing stabbing pains in the front of the breast. Itching down there isn’t always a yeast infection – health essentials from cleveland clinic. Repeat three times a day for several days. Adults who wear false teeth (dentures) are at a higher risk for getting thrush and spreading it to others. A breastfeeding mother with a thrush infection of the nipple, areola and/or breast can experience pain in these areas both during and between feeds.

The patches stick to the mouth and tongue and cannot be easily wiped away. Avoid broad-spectrum antibiotics. Information is provided for educational purposes only. People with an immune system deficiency need even prompter and more aggressive treatment to make certain that the yeast does not enter the bloodstream or infect other organs. The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions.

Eat foods that are easy to swallow such as gelatin, ice cream, or custard.

How Is Thrush Diagnosed?

Similarly, a child may get oral thrush as a result of a weak immune system brought on by an illness. As most people already have Candida fungi living in their mouth, oral thrush is not contagious. However, oral thrush occurs when the fungus overgrows and starts to cause symptoms. You may have an increased risk of oral thrush infection if any of these issues apply:

Inside Cancer:

It is a dye that kills bacteria and fungi, and it is available without a prescription. If you are diabetic, you must carefully monitor and control your blood glucose levels. And left untreated, oral thrush can spread further and lead to a serious infection affecting the blood, heart, brain, eyes, bones, or other parts of the body. How to diagnose and treat 12 yeast infection symptoms at home. You can speak to your pharmacist about the best treatment. Treatment may vary and is determined by the severity of your symptoms. Medications include antifungal mouth rinses, lozenges, creams and oral tablets. Dentists or healthcare providers can prescribe mild antifungal medications to treat oral infections, and an antifungal cream may be needed for treating the breasts. Birth control pills (oral contraceptives).

2020 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 29th ed. An individual’s ability to fight infection determines the severity of oral thrush and the fungal infection overall. It may resemble cottage cheese or milk curds. If you wear dentures and have thrush, be sure to clean your mouth and dentures every night. If symptoms don’t improve or get worse: In your mouth thrush appears as a growth that can look like cottage cheese – white, raised lesions on your tongue and cheeks. If necessary, your partner and your other children may also need a prescription. Because the skin often contains yeast, mothers can pass on excess Candida to their baby when giving birth, a problem that can lead to oral thrush within days after delivery.

  • Your doctor will likely examine your baby's mouth to find out whether thrush is causing your symptoms.
  • In most cases, doctors can diagnose thrush just by looking at the white patches.
  • Smear a small amount of gel on to the affected areas, with a clean finger, four times a day.
  • If you think you may be experiencing one or more symptoms, contact your dentist immediately to get a second opinion.
  • Your baby's doctor will probably give you a prescription for a liquid form of nystatin to use inside of your baby's mouth.
  • Discomfort related to a shallow latch remains the most common cause of nipple pain.
  • Natural yoghurt can help soothe the area but won’t cure thrush.

Locate a Health Service

Taking steroid tablets or inhalers. It's very important to use the medication the way your doctors prescribe it and to take it for as long as you're supposed to. Using an extreme example, such as a person with HIV/AIDS, Candidiasis begins in the oral cavity, then has escalating symptoms in the esophagus and descending into the gastrointestinal tract, finally into organ mycosis and when in the blood system, it is finally called Candida sepsis. Once the thrush infection clears, you can use your toothbrush for as long as three months or until it appears worn. Read more about taking care of your oral health. Often there are no white spots. How can you manage thrush? Sometimes oral thrush may spread to the roof of your mouth, your gums or tonsils, or the back of your throat.


Eat unsweetened yogurt to restore healthy bacteria levels. If you scrape off these spots, they leave small wounds that bleed slightly. See a GP or go to a sexual health clinic if: Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. Heavy smoking can lower the body's ability to fight off infections, making thrush more likely to develop. If you are using cloth diapers, wash with HOT water and bleach or a similar alternative.

You have particularly severe infection or other health problems (for example, you are undergoing chemotherapy or are taking other medicines that weaken your immune system). Oral thrush is not usually considered an infection that you get from other people. When the corners of the mouth are red (inflamed), eroded and cracked because of a Candida infection, the condition is called Perleche. How to prevent a yeast infection from antibiotics, yeast infections are common in women who take antibiotics. If the whitish material is scraped away, the base may be red (erythematous) with pinpoint bleeding.

It is most commonly associated with HIV. Let it sit for a few minutes, then rinse with warm water. Your doctor will usually diagnose oral thrush by your typical symptoms and the typical appearance in your mouth. It's the perfect breeding ground for yeast, so change breast pads whenever they get wet. The following people may be at more risk of oral thrush: Having two or more of these symptoms makes it more likely that thrush is involved, especially if these include shiny or flaking skin: Hyperplastic (chronic) candidiasis resembles the more common type, but cannot be scraped off.