Yeast Infections During Pregnancy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. He or she may be able to prescribe a treatment that can help prevent your recurring yeast infections. Nausea or vomiting. Yeast infections (also known as candidiasis) are common infections caused by Candida albicans yeast, which is a type of fungus. You should see improvements in your symptoms within a day or two of starting treatment. If you have fewer than four yeast infections in a year, you should:

  • Taking antibiotics, wearing dentures, having a health condition such as diabetes, undergoing treatment for cancer, or having dry mouth are also associated with increased risk of thrush.
  • What’s key is if you experience other hallmark symptoms too, such as redness, burning, and itchiness.
  • Between the itching, burning, and discharge, a yeast infection can be a total pain in the.
  • Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
  • Why do I need to see my provider to treat a yeast infection?
  • Vaginal lubricants or a small dose of estrogen can help in this case.

There are a number of things you can to do help prevent yeast infections. It is not suitable for women who are pregnant. When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms.  You may have painful urination or frequent urination when a severe yeast infection causes inflammation of the urethral opening.

Sometimes vaginitis—or vaginal inflammation—can be so mild you may not think anything out of the norm is happening. All yeast infections are relatively easy to treat if identified early on. Common symptoms of a yeast infection include vaginal itching, burning, and irritation. Yeast infections can usually be cured easily in a few days with anti-fungal medicine. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, which kill a range of bacteria, also kill healthy bacteria in your vagina, leading to overgrowth of yeast.

These fungi can be found all over the body and are normally present in warm and moist areas of the body. This is mostly due to the fact that because yeast thrives in the environment of the vaginal canal, and when both isolated and cyclical changes in hormones occur, yeast can begin to overgrow without its bacteria counterparts to stop it. Vaginal yeast infection symptoms commonly include: These medicines upset the normal balance between yeast and bacteria in the vagina. Itching should go away, which will alleviate much of the discomfort associated with the infection. How long vaginal yeast infections last can vary and may depend on how severe the infection is and what treatment a person uses. While they aren't life-threatening, yeast infections are irritating -- both physically and mentally.

Yeast infections have similar symptoms of other infections, such as STDs.


Vaginal yeast infections, also called "Candida vaginal infections," typically are caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It seems that the higher levels of estrogen in pregnancy cause the vagina to produce more glycogen (sugar), which feeds the yeast. Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn't hold in warmth and moisture.

Yeast vaginitis is an infection caused by a fungus called Candida. Oral candidiasis, or thrush, is usually diagnosed based on symptoms (like white or yellow patches on the tongue or in the mouth; cracks in the corner of the mouth; redness; and pain). — you might want to think again.

Role of Food and Herbal Cures

Healthy adults don’t typically get thrush, but elderly folks and people with weakened immune systems are at risk. (3) Penis, infected by Candida. BV is the most common form of bacterial vaginal infection in women ages 15 to 44. It’s best to not have sex until a yeast infection is gone because sex can cause more discomfort, and the vaginal creams and suppositories may weaken latex condoms. Avoid scratching, because this can cause breaks in the skin which can become infected.

Your doctor may also prescribe oral antifungal medication. Vaginal yeast infections are also known as candidiasis or vaginal thrush. Yeast infections are common.

But if you're in the population of people at a high risk for developing them, knowing what to do to treat and prevent the infection is important. Yeast infections are quite common; three out of four women battle them at least once before menopause. If the vaginal area is red or swollen, or if you’re experiencing itching, a thick white discharge, or if there’s pain when you pee, it could be a sign of a yeast infection. Usually, nystatin is the first line of treatment for oral thrush. During pregnancy, physicians recommend vaginal creams and suppositories only.

  • It commonly exists in small amounts in the vagina, mouth and gastrointestinal tract.
  • Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small numbers.
  • Vaginal boric acid capsules are sometimes used.
  • Yeast infections.
  • If more than the normal amount of yeast grows in the sample over a short period of time (a few days), then your symptoms are likely caused by a yeast infection.
  • Be sure to finish the entire course of treatment -- even if your symptoms are gone -- to make sure you eradicate all of the yeast; otherwise, it'll be back before you know it.
  • In general, it isn’t recommended that you cut out any particular food groups.


Male yeast infection: Because it's caused by bacteria and not yeast, attempting to use yeast infection meds to combat BV can make your symptoms worse (cue the sad trombone). Blood-sugar spikes due to diabetes or uncontrolled blood sugar can fuel an overgrowth of yeast. Yeast infections aren’t considered STIs, but they can still be contagious. As you begin a treatment schedule…: It generally causes your vagina and vulva (the tissues at the opening of the vagina) to itch. Left untreated, these infections can cause other health problems. Use of antibiotics.

How can I prevent or decrease my chances of getting a yeast infection?

Not all vaginal creams and suppositories are okay to use during pregnancy, so it is best to consult your doctor or pharmacist to get the right one. Symptoms can include itching, burning, redness, and a rash on the penis, says James. For the most part, the tiny fungus does more good than harm. Signs of yeast infections include: Leave in place for a few hours and then remove. Or your doctor may prescribe a medicine to treat the infection. “Unless you know you’re prone to yeast infections, you won’t necessarily get one by hanging out in a wet suit,” Dr.

You can buy non-prescription yeast infection medications at your local pharmacy in the form of anti-fungal creams, tablets, ointments or suppositories you insert into the vagina. Common symptoms of thrush and candida esophagitis include: About 20 percent of cancer patients develop the infection. A yeast infection is not technically a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but sex can throw off the bacterial balance in your vagina, upping your risk for a yeast overgrowth. ​​Still, Sullivan says vaginal yeast infections are immunogenic – meaning they can cause a violent​ immune reaction, hence the local itching and burning sensation.

The symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are familiar to many women: They may also ask if you’ve ever had an STI. (7) Systemic Candidiasis. However, if only the woman has evidence of a yeast infection, the risk of transmission is so low that there’s no need to treat the male partner.


In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates nearly 75 percent of women are likely to contract one yeast infection in their lifetime, with up to 45 percent of women experiencing recurring ones. A vaginal yeast infection is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease (STD), since Candida may be present in the normal vagina, and the condition does occur in celibate women. Plus, isn’t that the entire point of all those at-home yeast infection treatments at the drugstore? Instead, stay nice and fresh with a mild soap (like Summer's Eve Feminine Wash for Sensitive Skin, $13; ) and grab some fragrance-free detergent when it comes time to wash your underwear. Doctors recommend only using water and washing only the outside of the genital area, as soaps and deodorants can upset the balance of yeast and bacteria.

One study published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology showed that only 34 percent of study participants who purchased OTC antifungal products accurately diagnosed themselves with a yeast infection. Be sure to see your doctor the first time you have symptoms of a yeast infection. Candida guilliermondii fungemia in patients with hematologic malignancies, for this purpose, we used a recently developed in vitro model, allowing monitoring of multiple parameters for both cell types over time (Dementhon et al. Like we women don’t have enough to worry about. In other small studies, vaginal use of probiotic tablets seemed to be helpful in preventing future infections. Three out of four women are diagnosed with a yeast infection at some point in their life, according to a recent survey.

Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply. Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of yeast within the vagina, and are very common, affecting around 75% of women at least once in their lifetime. If you instead choose to self-treat with an over-the-counter antifungal product, be sure to see your doctor if your symptoms continue, if you develop other symptoms, if you have a risk of an STI, or if you are not sure whether you have a yeast infection.

What Is The Treatment For A Vaginal Yeast Infection During Pregnancy?

Yeast naturally lives on the skin and in the mouth, gut, and vagina. This causes intense itching, swelling, and irritation. – Stress can change the balance of your body’s chemistry, which can lead to surprising and uncomfortable physiological changes. Sex, STIs, and failure to urinate regularly can all lead to UTIs.

Penile inflammation (balanitis): Poor hygiene, use of antibiotics, or a weakened immune system may also be contributing factors. Possibly because they are so common, women often self-diagnose yeast infections and self-treat with over-the-counter products. However, she notes that other strains of yeast can also cause yeast infections, and Candida albicans has developed some resistance to azoles. It's not unusual to have some yeast in your vagina as well as in your intestinal tract. Wearing tight underwear and synthetic clothes that don’t breathe. Yeast infection in pregnancy Yeast infections are common during pregnancy because of hormone fluctuations. However, many patients have no symptoms at all.

No one has studied vaginal garlic, and some patients have reported that this can cause vaginal burning. Tea tree oil is another promising home remedy for yeast infections. What's the difference between a yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis? The good news is that these infections are usually easy to treat and get rid of. Have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI), which would require a medical exam. Compiled using information from the following sources:

Key Points To Remember

Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy. Yeast infection in women Yeast infections are extremely common in women. Some studies suggest that the use of pads and tampons, or wearing tight synthetic clothing increases the risk for yeast infections, while other studies suggest there is no link between these and yeast infections (2,5). – Conversely, high estrogen levels associated with yeast infections most frequently during pregnancy.

Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose, and tight-fitting jeans. Since yeast infection treatments have become available over the counter (OTC), many women simply visit the closest drugstore and buy an antifungal cream. Limit sugar intake, as sugar promotes the growth of yeast. The antibiotics kill normal vaginal bacteria, which keep yeast in check. If yeast infections cause vaginal discharge that is yellow and itchy, or white and curdlike, this remedy may be indicated. The most common cause of yeast infections is a fungus called Candida albicans. What can cause vaginitis?

Why Are Yeast Infections More Common During Pregnancy?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says oils in these creams and suppositories can weaken latex in condoms and diaphragms. BV is characterized by a foul odor. These bacteria produce hydrogen peroxide that kills the excess Candida.

Nurse practitioners. How are vaginal yeast infections diagnosed? What to think about Antifungal creams and suppositories that you put into your vagina have fewer side effects than antifungal pills you take by mouth. ” you should understand the causes of yeast infection, the stages of yeast infection and your options for treatment. The risk of infection is greater among men with diabetes.

Luckily, there's a pretty quick solution for women who suffer from first-time yeast infections and exacerbated yeast infections that don't respond to topical treatment. What are yeast infection symptoms? Another possibility is having vaginal intercourse with a man who has a penile yeast infection. Urrutia says it’s OK to try an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal medication before making an appointment with your doctor—as long as the medication is longer than a one-day treatment. The OTC medications now available for treating yeast infections are effective for only those infections caused by Candida.

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A very wide range of symptoms can be caused by the Candida infection, from the mildest and more common forms that usually affect the mouth and vagina, to the most rare and severe forms which may affect the heart or brain: Other vaginal infections (such as bacterial vaginosis) and some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may have similar symptoms, but require different treatment. A one-dose treatment that kills the infection within a few days usually suffices, though women may also opt for a three-day or seven-day treatment course, Steier says. Candidiasis (yeast infection), "All that wheezes is not asthma. When too much of a certain type of bacteria, including a strain called gardnerella vaginalis, is present, it can lead to an infection.

Bacterial vaginosis is far more prevalent than yeast infections. In fact, research indicates that Candida yeast colonizes the vagina of at least 20 percent of all women — and 30 percent of all pregnant women — without causing symptoms. It can defeat yeast with a single dose, but it's available only by prescription. Yeast infections can be uncomfortable, but they’re usually not serious.

There are significant differences between occasional, easily treatable yeast infections and recurrent infections that seriously affect a woman's life. This can be especially helpful for addressing personal health problems, especially when they are of a sensitive nature. Ask your doctor for more information regarding the differences between a yeast infection and a UTI. Wear loose, breathable cotton clothing and cotton underwear.

  • Intercourse can irritate vaginal tissue and increase inflammation and soreness.
  • Don't douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes.
  • Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection.
  • Don’t have vaginal or oral sex, or put anything into your vagina, until you’ve finished treatment and your infection goes away.
  • A yeast diaper rash causes a bright red rash bordered by red pimples or pus-filled bumps and surrounded by smaller “satellite” patches of rash.
  • Yeast thrive in warm, moist, protected areas.
  • Canesbalance vaginal gel helps effectively relieve the unpleasant odour and abnormal discharge of BV, and helps support healthy vaginal flora by restoring vaginal pH.


A small percentage of women (less than 5 percent) develop recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), defined as four or more symptomatic vaginal yeast infections during a 12-month period. Some things can cause an imbalance between these organisms and can prompt yeast to grow. If you think you have an infection, call your doctor for advice. Boric acid capsules used vaginally for 2 weeks are about 70% effective at curing a yeast infection, but can cause irritation (6,9). Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis:

It's Also Different From A Bacterial Infection.

It's important to visit your gyno in either scenario so you can be treated properly. The answer is yes, although they do so much less frequently than women. To diagnose your vaginal symptoms, your health care professional will perform a gynecological examination and check your vagina for inflammation and abnormal discharge. Several studies show that it has anti-yeast effects. Side effects can include nausea, headaches, and belly pain. Are not pregnant. Antibiotics can kill too much "good" bacteria and result in too much yeast growing in the vagina, sometimes causing symptoms of a yeast infection.

Some of the medicines used to treat yeast infections are available without a prescription, but you shouldn't just buy one if you think you have a yeast infection. Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. Diaper dermatitis, or diaper rash, is extremely common in babies. All of these can wipe out friendly bacteria and allow Candida to stage a comeback. How yeast infections are diagnosed, itching near your anus – May be a sign of hemorrhoids or other genital infection. To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly. Pain in the vagina during sexual intercourse. Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl's blood sugar is high.

Sorry, we could not find any Health Center for your search. As such, sometimes longer treatment is necessary, like a course of treatment that lasts 14 days. When the bacteria are weakened and unable to feed on the yeast, the yeast can overgrow, often leading to a yeast infection.

What Are Vaginal Yeast Infections?

Tampons can absorb medicine, so use pads if you are being treated with vaginal medicines during your period. This complex system includes your urethra, as well as your bladder and kidneys. Knowing your body well and understanding your symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment options will help you decide upon a course of action that is right for you. Normally your body produces enough friendly bacteria to keep yeast from really gaining a foothold. Vaginitis with discharge resembling egg-white, which itches and makes the vagina feel dry and irritated, is likely to respond to this remedy.

And many women get it more than once. It’s very important to make sure you have a yeast infection and not another more serious infection. Yeast can be passed from one individual to another, but this is not a clinical problem unless there is some other factor at work that allows the yeast to overgrow and cause an infection.

Be honest with your partner if you have a yeast infection and find ways to avoid spreading the infection until your condition has improved. If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, see your doctor. He or she can conduct a pelvic exam and take a sample of your vaginal discharge to determine whether or not you have an overgrowth of Candida and prescribe the right treatment. How is trichomoniasis treated? What treatments are available for vaginal yeast infection? In men, a yeast infection may be called penile candidiasis or balanitis. There are some skin conditions that can cause skin changes, such as whitening and itching. Infections in skinfolds (intertriginous infections) or in the navel usually cause a bright red rash, sometimes with breakdown of skin.

Inside Pain:

Although going to the doctor might feel like a pain, keep in mind that self-diagnosing isn't always the right call. Your doctor will also examine your cervix for swelling and redness, and your vaginal walls for dry, white spots. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina.

What causes vaginal yeast infections? About 15 percent4 of men can get an itchy rash from vaginal sex with a woman who has a yeast infection, and the likelihood is higher if they’re uncircumcised or have diabetes. Other things to watch out for: Symptoms usually resolve quickly, although in more severe cases treatment may be needed for up to two weeks. Candida overgrowth can provoke many health problems, it’s an interesting and curious prospect which reinforces the need to address both your gut, brain and mental health – the gut brain axis – together. Women who have trichomoniasis are at an increased risk of infection with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

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Yeast infections tend to happen in moist areas of the skin and mucous membranes. There are over-the-counter creams that you can use on your vulva to help calm the irritation. It's also different from a bacterial infection. Using antibiotics.

Taking antibiotics can increase a woman’s risk of getting a yeast infection. You can use an antifungal cream or a suppository that you put into your vagina. What are the symptoms of yeast infections? If you have had a yeast infection before and can recognize the symptoms, and you aren't pregnant, you can treat yourself at home with medicines you can buy without a prescription. The most common manifestation of this imbalance is a vaginal yeast infection.

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The wet mount can also help rule out other infections, including bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis. This form of Candidiasis affects the mouth. But, there's an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity. Recurring yeast infections are common, especially if you are pregnant, have diabetes, or have a weakened immune system. Let your provider know if the medication causes irritation or doesn't seem to be working.

Lots of factors make women vulnerable to these infections, including hormonal shifts or changes in the acidic balance of the vagina due to a host of factors, including pregnancy, uncontrolled blood sugar, and use of antibiotics. A yeast infection during pregnancy isn’t always treated in the same way as in nonpregnant women. A woman who needs this remedy often seems reserved, yet is very emotional inside. Sexual activity – Many women report getting a yeast infection after sexual intercourse. Talk to your doctor to make sure you are choosing the right treatment option for your yeast infection. Fluctuations in hormones are thought to be a cause of yeast infections before your period, causing imbalances in healthy bacteria in the vagina.

Are Yeast Infections Common?

This causes the lining of the vagina to become inflamed. If the infection is mild, the symptoms may be subtle. Both vaginal yeast infections and UTIs may cause pain when urinating or discomfort in the genital area; however, generally other symptoms and treatment differ.

Regular bathing can also help. Image zoom Date night? The irritation can be described as itching or burning or both and often worsens at night. What is a vaginal yeast infection? Only 7-day topical yeast infection treatments are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the treatment of yeast infections in pregnant and diabetic women (consult your healthcare professional). For example, when the normal, protective bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics (taken to treat a urinary tract, respiratory, or other types of infection) or by immunosuppressive drugs, the yeast can multiply, invade tissues, and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis). Male partners who do have symptoms such as itching, rash, burning with urination or discharge from the penis should be evaluated.

Yeast Infection During Pregnancy

If you stop taking it too soon, the infection could come back. Wearing a wet swimsuit for many hours may keep your genital area warm and moist. In many cases, an antifungal treatment will clear up your symptoms. First things first, unfortunately, almost all women will experience at least one yeast infection (genital candidiasis) -- an infection caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida -- at some point in life. The use of douches or perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays may also increase a woman's risk of developing a vaginal yeast infection. Tight clothing/new clothing detergent – Wearing tight clothing, especially pants and underwear can restrict airflow to your vagina. A UTI (urinary tract infection) is an infection of the urinary tract. Hormonal fluctuations are usually to blame.

The normal mid-cycle discharge is slippery. Boric acid suppositories can be effective against less common strains of yeast that are resistant to the usual treatment. Also, itchiness and abnormal discharge are symptoms of some STIs. Also known as vaginal candidiasis, yeast infections are caused by a fungus. An example is estrogen, which controls the function of female reproductive organs. Taking baths – Taking frequent baths can cause yeast infections because they provide a warm, moist environment for yeast. How can my dentist treat a yeast infection? There may also be no discharge with a yeast infection or a discharge that is thin and watery.