Cat Ear Infections (Chronic Otitis) and Their Treatment and Prevention

Keeping your cat indoors makes a huge difference if he has a history of recurring infections. Efficacy of a new cream formulation of mupirocin: comparison with oral and topical agents in experimental skin infections. Humans can rarely be infected with ear mites. TriTop is a topical anesthetic ointment with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties. The most common trigger we see here in East Tennessee is allergy, but persistent moisture in the ear canal secondary to swimming or infection with parasites are other common underlying problems. Mites are readily identified in this way. Ear mites are responsible for approximately 50 percent of ear infections in cats, but prompt diagnosis and treatment of ear mites generally prevents an ear infection from becoming chronic. A cat suffering from an ear mite infection will usually have a black or very dark discharge within its ear canal that may proceed toward the outer ear.

If your pet displays one or more of these symptoms, your pet very likely has a yeast infection in the ear. Mites are also very contagious, so you should check the ears of any other pets in the house for them. The above is provided for information purposes only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of any condition. The idea of tiny insects feeding on the blood of your cat may make you shudder, but fleas are a very common problem. Yeast infections are common in ears and other areas where there is skin-to-skin contact, such as the armpits. Ear mites in cats are contagious but are easy to treat.

Dogs that are prone to allergies (such as food or environmental allergies) are also more prone to ear infections. They must be kept confined in a safe place where they will not injure themselves, and we often administer anti-nausea medication since these patients experience true “motion sickness. If the condition is secondary to infection, tumor, or toxicity, the primary disease must be treated. Since otitis externa occurs in some cats with food allergies, food trials can be an important diagnostic tool. Ear infections are one of the most common ailments for cats. If left untreated, ear infections can lead to hearing loss or other health problems. Testing for hypothyroidism is a simple blood draw.

The occluded canals also prevent the natural sloughing of the canal’s skin cells, sebum (wax), and hair, which accumulates in both the canal and middle ear, thereby intensifying the infection.

Food Puzzles Are Worth the Effort

We believe this is better for your cat's long-term health. Obtaining a sample of the discharge using a sterile swab and submitting it to a diagnostic laboratory will help determine exactly which bacteria and/or yeast are present. Unpleasant odor around the ears.

  • They can show up in any part of the ear canal and are often caused by allergies, parasites such as fleas or mites, foreign objects stuck in the ear, or environmental factors like extreme heat.
  • Ear cytology involves swabbing the inside of your cat's ear and then using a microscope to looking for abnormal cells, bacteria, or yeast.
  • Make no mistake, an ear infection can be a complex and serious matter for your cat’s well-being and overall health.
  • Cats can often develop feline miliary dermatitis, a skin condition that most commonly results from an allergic reaction.
  • If fever is also present, tips of catheters will also be cultured for both bacteria and fungi.

What Are Yeast Infections

Malignant tumors of the cat ear canal are uncommon, but they certainly can occur, usually in older cats. Learn how to tell the difference between a case of mites and a yeast infection of the ear canal so you can get your cat some relief right away. Ear mites are more common than ear infections in cats; but cats can be susceptible to yeast and/or bacteria ear infections. Treatment involves administering antibiotics, usually both topically (into the ear itself) as well as orally. Early treatment can help avoid complications like hearing loss. If ear mite infestation is suspected, it’s important to seek veterinary help right away.

Dog ear infections produces a gooey discharge that causes dogs to rub and scratch their ears. Repeat this flushing process as necessary. Other household pets can become infested, too, including gerbils, hamsters, guinea pigs, mice, ferrets, etc. PATIENCE is essential to prevent your cat (and you) from over-stressing. These come as ointment or ear drop form, which are easy to administer. Not all antibiotics are effective against all bacteria. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 97, 32-38.

Since these symptoms are similar, can I just buy some ear drops? Broken or damaged skin literally opens a door for bacteria, yeast, and fungus. But for the patient, the case is much more critical, given that he typically suffers significant pain. Then a sample of the ear debris is looked at under the microscope to determine if there is yeast, bacteria, or ear mites. Candidiasis (thrush, yeast infection), [254] [255] More than 70% of the hospitals offering CAM were in urban areas. This article has been reviewed by a Veterinarinan. (This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.) It’s not a matter of one being better than another.

Recovery of Fungal Yeast Infection in Cats

Over time, scar tissue occludes the canals, preventing medications from reaching the diseased portions of the canal. The ears often become red and inflamed and may develop an offensive odor. Ear mites are another common cause of ear infections. How to decode your vaginal discharge – health essentials from cleveland clinic. In spite of your cat’s obvious displeasure, the veterinarian will start by looking in your cat’s ear canal with an instrument called an otoscope. Secondary yeast skin and ear infections are a common problem in dogs and cats, however with proper diagnosis and treatment these infections can be controlled and symptoms minimized or eliminated.

By the time the cat is presented to the veterinarian, the mites may be gone but a significant ear infection remains.

The Basics

Any trademarks are the property of their respective owners. We put the medication into your pet’s infected ear(s) with a single application ~ you do not need to put the medication in the ear on a daily basis as with most ear medications. Many different problems can cause cat ear infections, including: The most common type of skin infection is a bacterial infection (pyoderma). It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, http:

For this, we recommend a multi-enzyme supplement, like Enzyme Miracle®. Ear infections can become chronic and lead to deafness and facial paralysis. The cat’s outer ear is likely to be inflamed, and she might hold her ears flat against her head, scratch at them almost without letup, and shake her head frequently, as if trying to dislodge a bothersome object. Moreover, ear mites are very easily spread.

For more information, please refer to the Full Prescribing Information. Examine the ear and gently wipe away any loose dirt, fluid or residue with a cotton ball. How to treat a yeast infection, "The good news about yeast infections is that they are always treatable," Sulak said. In some cases a foreign body, tumor, or polyp in the ear canal may cause the ear infection. In some cases, ear mites may travel to different parts of your cat's body which can make treatment even more complicated. Malassezia yeast are a normal inhabitant of the canine and feline skin. Treatment is most often effected through topical drops or ointment applied to the ear canals twice daily by the owner. Despite surgical removal and post-operative chemotherapy, she eventually succumbed to this cancerous tumor a few months later, at the age of 15. Blastomycosis is caused by a soil-borne fungus.

Fungal Yeast Infection Average Cost

Use as directed. Beyond the obvious physical discomfort to your pet, untreated ear mite infestations can cause ear inflammation, bacterial and fungal infections. It is important that the cat be examined to be sure that the eardrum is intact. This could push debris further into the ear canal or even puncture the eardrum. Becker’s tips, mentioned above to avoid these medications.

However, cats with allergies, diabetes, or conditions that weaken the immune system, such as feline leukemia, may be more at risk. The presence of candida colonies in the urine, along with a simultaneous bacterial infection in the urinary tract will point to candidiasis. Otitis externa may result from a yeast or bacterial infection or the invasion of parasites within the ear canal. Unless your cat is prone to ear infections, this is not a problem, and you should not need to do any at home care unless directed by your veterinarian.

Candida (the cause of the disease “Thrush” or “Candidiasis” in humans) has been studied for years. Bacterial infections. To diagnose an ear infection, your veterinarian will take a thorough history of your cat. Special “yeast diets” for pets which attempt to minimize dietary sugars are promoted all over the internet. Schick, Robert O. In fact, they are usually no big deal.

How Are Ear Infections Treated?

Microscopic examination is important in helping the veterinarian choose the right medication to treat the inflamed ear canal. Many cats will protest such an examination, and this is why a vet visit is typically required. The connection between excessive cortisol release and infections is well documented. It is essential to monitor and manage your pet’s health whenever they show systems of illness or irritability. Fact or fiction?: a clove of garlic can stop a vaginal yeast infection. These include: Healthy cat ears are pink, free of wax and other debris, and don't have any foul odor. Depending on the severity of the infection, frequent scratching and head shaking are two common signs that your cat may be infected. They can make quite a mess of wax and gunk in your cat’s ears.

Does Your Dog Show Aggression Toward Other Dogs?

Be sure to wash your pets bedding and toys to prevent spreading. A good example is interdigital furuncles (often referred to as cysts) which are lesions located in the interdigital webs of dogs. Their thyroid testing should include T4, FT4, T3, FT3, and TSH. This is very important to determine if an underlying disease may be the cause. Alternatively, an abdominal ultrasound can be performed to assess the size of the dog’s adrenal glands. Below are a few types of fungal yeast infections that are known to affect domestic cats:

Topical veterinary products may develop additional clinical signs such as a head tilt and/or an uncoordinated gait. They are also detectable by the mess they make inside an infested animal’s ear canal—a dark crusty or gooey, sometimes foul-smelling accumulation of wax and mite debris in which the tiny critter thrives. Treatment of yeast skin or ear infections in dogs and cats involves the use of antifungal medications administered orally and/or topically. As mentioned above, chronic otitis that begins in the outer ear canal can ultimately rupture the eardrum, ending in otitis media and otitis interna. Most cases of yeast skin or ear infection are triggered by an underlying disease affecting the skin, such as allergies or endocrine disease (hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, etc.) Some of these medications are meant to be administered directly into the ear, while others are applied topically to the skin between the shoulder blades. ” When cats shake their heads, however, it usually means, “My ear is bugging me.

Chronic ear infections can cause damage and thickening of the ear canal, making dogs even more prone to ear infections in the future. At my feline veterinary hospital, our beloved hospital cat, Topeka, developed a malignant tumor called a squamous cell carcinoma in her left ear canal. While every pet is different, I generally recommend applying it to the affected ears daily for 1 week, then 2 to 3 times each week on a consistent basis.

In veterinary practice, ear mite infections in dogs and cats may present as a disease that causes intense itching in one or both ears, which in turn triggers scratching at the affected ear.

Does your pet have an ear infection or ear mites? Here’s how to distinguish between these two common issues.

Topical medication tailored to treat the specific bacteria, yeast, or mites present is typically employed. This is a topical treatment applied by the veterinarian. Dogs that spend a lot of time in the water may experience the same issues due to repeatedly wet ears.

This is an in-clinic test in which the doctor will collect a sample from your pet’s skin surface or ear canal and examine the sample under the microscope. Monitor your pet's diet. Yeast infection tests: medlineplus lab test information, a yeast infection is often thought of as a female health problem, but it can affect anyone, including men. Ask your veterinarian for an ear cleaner containing a drying agent.

We want simplicity. There’s no sure-fire way to prevent ear infections, but there are things you can do at home to help your cat avoid one. Treatment of vestibular disease depends on the cause, but in most idiopathic cases, the symptoms are transitory, arising abruptly and then gradually improving over the course of several days to a few weeks. That’s the easy part. This surgery requires the skill of an experienced veterinary surgeon.