Thrush In Men: Candida Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

If in doubt, your doctor or pharmacist will be able to advise you on the most appropriate product.

The apex of the penis is often red with spots and the skin on the penis and in the groin is sometimes itchy and scaly. If you’re a man who doesn’t know very much about thrush, then you might be feeling a little confused right now. Candidal infections can affect many body systems, but most commonly cause problems in the genital area, in the mouth (oral thrush) or on the skin. A dermatologist is a doctor who specialises in treating skin conditions. Not over doing it on the highly perfumed shower gels is also important. You’ve probably got a small amount living in your mouth, digestive tract, or on moist parts of your skin. Thrush should clear up within a week with treatment. In addition to the penis, candidiasis can affect the mouth, throat, nails, skin and scalp.

This usually causes a red, itchy or painful rash that scales over with white or yellow discharge. Two other drugs, itraconazole and fluconazole are available in an oral form for the treatment of thrush. You may need to be referred to a dermatologist for specialist treatment. Symptoms of infection of the male genitalia (balanitis thrush) include red skin around the head of the penis, swelling, irritation, itchiness and soreness of the head of the penis, thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskin, unpleasant odour, difficulty retracting the foreskin (phimosis), and pain when passing urine or during sex. Nearly 75% of all women have had at least one. It is also important for a patient to consider that their sexual partner may be colonised with Candida yeasts (this can occur without symptoms) and may pass the infection on to them during sexual intercourse. Your partner should also be tested for thrush and sexually transmitted infections if the problem keeps coming back.

  • Newborn bottle fed infants and individuals taking antibiotics are most susceptible to oral thrush which is caused by Candida yeasts.
  • If you have a tight foreskin this area tends to get hot and sweaty, and is not easily accessible to clean.
  • You can also speak to a sexual health clinic or GP about recognising and treating Thrush.
  • Candida yeasts are generally present in healthy humans, frequently part of the human body's normal oral and intestinal flora, and particularly on the skin; however, their growth is normally limited by the human immune system and by competition of other microorganisms, such as bacteria occupying the same locations in the human body.
  • The medical term for thrush is candidiasis.
  • It is therefore a good idea for both of you to get treatment to prevent the infection being passed back and forth between you.
  • Your pharmacist will be able to recommend an effective treatment.

Any suggestions? Infection of the vagina or vulva may cause severe itching, burning, soreness, irritation, and a whitish or whitish-gray cottage cheese-like discharge. Thrush is, typically, a ‘women’s condition’ that you can give her just by thrusting too hard or having sex with her too often. The most common cause of thrush is a yeast or fungus called Candida albicans. Showersare a better option than baths. Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus, oral fluconazole is generally recommended for the treatment of EC due to its excellent efficacy, ease of administration and low cost [27]. Socks made of synthetic fiber tend to “wick” away moisture faster than cotton or wool socks, especially for those with more active life styles.

If you think you may have thrush, or just know that something isn’t quite right, make an appointment to see your doctor. Other names for thrush include yeast infection, Candida, candidiasis, candidal balanitis, and formerly, moniliasis. It is common for the yeast infection to appear again, and so to prevent this from happening, it is important to: It does not usually cause problems because it is kept under control by your immune system (the body’s natural defence against illness and infection) and other types of bacteria in the body. Thrush in men is usually easily treated with a course of an antifungal cream. It is also possible to get thrush in the mouth. If you are not sure if you do in fact have an STI, it's important that you get tested.

Yeast infections are usually associated with women, but men aren't safe from these infections, either. Do not copy content from the page or this website without my expressed written consent. Most of these women experience infrequent attacks and respond well to drug therapy, however in some the infection is recurrent or persistent and does not respond to drug therapy. Another group of drugs called the azoles can be taken orally for fungal nail infections. Sex can make the infection worse as well as spread it to other parts of your body or to your partner. It is not classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The recommended treatment for thrush in men depends on which area of the body is affected. Profase can be used by emptying the capsule directly onto the penis yeast infection and the active bacteria will go to work killing the yeast.

  • Although frequent baths may soothe thrush when you have an outbreak, it is possible that this will make the discomfort worse.
  • Fluconazole tablets can also be taken, these work by getting rid of the enzymes within your body that the candida fungi feed off.
  • You can treat thrush without prescription medications.
  • Can men even get thrush?
  • Tight or synthetic clothes stop air movement and create moist conditions, which are ideal for bacteria.
  • These are the same OTC medications used to treat athlete’s foot and female yeast infections.
  • Thrush can develop when the good bacteria in your body (which keeps candida under control) is destroyed.


You can also get a yeast infection on your penis through sex. Other men have a condition called Hirsuties papillaris genitalis, also called pearly penile papules, which is also harmless but can be sensitive at times. But you may want to ask your doctor about using one before doing so, as the corticosteroid could allow for the yeast infection to linger and even worsen. You may also be referred for a series of blood and urine tests to check whether an underlying condition, such as diabetes, is making you more vulnerable to thrush.

Your doctor will be able to tell you whether you have an STI or thrush, and therefore what treatment or further testing is required. The presence of an artificial nail or a polish impedes the evaporation of moisture from underneath the nail and the water trapped below can become stagnant and unhealthy, ideal for fungi and similar organisms to thrive. Ask if they have a private area to talk if you’re embarrassed. It is usually a mild infection caused by a yeast, and in most cases quickly clears up with treatment. What are yeast infections? Speak to your doctor if you are concerned. This sounds like penile thrush, which is a fungal infection due to the fungus candida albicans.

What Treatments Are Available For Thrush (candida)?

These spots are completely harmless and are actually sebaceous glands that secrete oils for the protection of the skin. Many men will contract a yeast infection from sexual contact with their affected female partner, as women are more susceptible to yeast infections. For example, if the weather is hot, or you wear tight nylon clothes that don't allow the skin to 'breathe', or if you don't dry yourself carefully after showering or exercising.

(7) Systemic Candidiasis. With more research into this disease it may be possible to identify the exact genetic abnormality and then to develop a gene replacement therapy and a cure. Thanks again for all the help & feel free to use my comments. This leads to an inflammation called balanitis. The treatment you are given will depend upon your diagnosis as well as the severity of the infection.

If your partner has one, they could pass it on to you. There are many other causes for balanitis, so it is best to get it checked. It takes a long time to heal and makes regular sex uncomfortable. We also open on Sundays to Serve you. The rash can be controlled by frequent changing and, if needed, medicated powders. Skin infections are less common in the general population, but are relatively widespread among certain groups of people such as:

How this works.

What Is A Yeast Test?

When thrush occurs in males, it can affect the head of the penis and the foreskin. It mainly affects the vagina, though may affect the penis too, and can be irritating and painful. For breastfeeding mothers topical miconazole is the most effective treatment for treating candidiasis on the breasts. This is because a circumcised penis exposes the glans to air, keeping it dry and cool, while yeast requires heat and moisture to grow and survive. These penile skin conditions include: There may be an underlying reason, such as uncontrolled blood sugar levels, which will warrant further investigation. If you are in pain, get advice on pain relief medicines you can take. The immune cells (lymphocytes) of these children can be tested and are found not to respond Candida yeast.

If you have any type of adverse reaction to these, your doctor may prescribe to you a nystatin cream. FTC Disclaimer: If these treatments don’t work or if you often get thrush, see a doctor as you may have other health problems or a drug-resistant type of Candida. Yes, there are some things that you can do to prevent you and your partner from developing the yeast infection. How do babies get yeast infections? But you may simply have a yeast infection, also known as thrush. Because it could be possible that you have been infected with Penile Thrush. Wear clean, cotton underwear every day and make sure that gives you room to breathe, so your penis can stay as cool and dry as possible.

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Always use preventive measures when applying polishes. At busy times we may need to signpost non-urgent cases to other clinics or recommend patients make an appointment for an alternative day or suggest a return visit. Thrush isn't an STI and it is unusual for it to be passed on during sex. The condition can affect both women and men. Candida 'die-off'... when candida leaves kicking & screaming, people with excessive candida in their bodies often report chronic fatigue. There aren’t any reliable home remedies for thrush, but there are a few things you can do at home to help to prevent thrush. Candida fungi occur naturally inside the body and on the skin, but at levels that do not cause problems.

Most people can fight off Candida infections with the use of antifungal treatment, but in a small number of people these infections recur and are difficult to cure. Can men get yeast infections? It is more common for men who have a foreskin to develop thrush, as the foreskin can lock in heat and moisture.

The Role of Zinc in Candida Albicans Infections

Although thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI), it can sometimes be caught if you have sex with a partner who has thrush without wearing a condom. If you have thrush, avoid having sex until the infection has cleared up, or use a condom. That is why thrush is less common among circumcised men. However, Candida can sometimes be passed on during sex, and sexual activity can make thrush symptoms worse. Risk factors that make candidiasis more likely include: “It depends on how much sex you’re having,” says Lynn. Immune-related gene implicated in chronic candida yeast infection risk. It is not necessary to apply the cream along the shaft of the penis. Your doctor may also test for sexually transmissible infections, which can cause similar symptoms.

That is the point where the yeast has become resistant to anti-fungals and is much harder to get rid of. The most common symptoms are: If there are persistent sores or ulcers that do not heal, a biopsy may be necessary. Wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear or boxers and keeping genitals dry and cool at all times can also prevent yeast growth. However, candida can live on a mucosal surface quite harmlessly. Well, I’m sorry my male friends, but when it comes to thrush you can suffer just as much as the ladies, as this infection doesn’t discriminate by gender.

Good Hygiene

Seek advice from a pharmacist or your GP. A diet that supports the immune system and is not high in simple carbohydrates contributes to a healthy balance of the oral and intestinal flora. Your symptoms will vary, depending on where the infection is on your body. Typical signs of diabetes include: It can also affect the skin, known as candidal skin infection, and the inside of the mouth, known as oral thrush.

You should also visit your GP if you have a weakened immune system and you have thrush. In a person with a weakened immune system there is an increased risk that a fungal infection may develop further and spread to other organs, so it is important to let the doctor assess it. ✔️ Clean your penis every day using water, and dry it afterwards. The imidazole drugs have a higher cure rate than nystatin with shorter courses of treatment. Treatment of thrush normally involves using some form of antifungal medicine. Natural yoghurt can help soothe the area but won’t cure thrush.

Treatment may vary and is determined by the severity of your symptoms. Luckily, most can be cured or controlled with clean habits and OTC (over-the-counter) drugs. Many types of yeast and bacteria naturally live in the vagina and rarely cause problems. Read more about treating thrush. Otherwise what you’re doing is washing away natural oils and natural bacteria that cleans from the inside out,” says Lynn. It usually first appears as creamy white patches or sores on the tongue or mucous membranes of the mouth.

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Some heterosexual men get a mild form of balanitis (inflammation of the head of the penis) after having sex. Some people have recurrent thrush infections, which can occur more than twice over six months. Candida albicans has been isolated from vaginal swabs in women who do not complain of symptoms and who do not have clinical signs of disease. How is candida classified?

Uva Ursi for Uti & Yeast Infections

It is recommended that you avoid any sexual activity if you know you have thrush until the infection has been treated and cleared. An oral antifungal drug such as fluconazole is also almost always effective. For example, you may be tested for diabetes or for problems with your immune system. Avoid tight Lycra® clothes. How can I avoid getting thrush? The following information is about thrush in and around the penis.

You should also do this if you have thrush that comes back more than twice in six months, as you might need to think about what changes you can make that might stop that thrush from coming back and your doctor will be able to point you in the right direction. You do not need to treat partners unless they have symptoms. Cutaneous candidiasis is more likely in the following circumstances: First-time sufferers should seek a professional diagnosis, as the condition shares symptoms with certain STIs and you’ll want to rule these out before beginning treatment. Candida yeast lives on our skin but is kept under control. Yeast infection vs. urinary tract infection: what’s the difference?, at the doctor’s office, a person will fill a small cup with urine. This is a rare and severe form of Candidiasis, characterized by chronic infection of the skin, nails, scalp, and mucous membranes. However, if only the woman has evidence of a yeast infection, the risk of transmission is so low that there’s no need to treat the male partner. Women often have some in their vagina.

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I would like to know how penile thrush should be treated? What causes thrush? I know with my weight & diabetes that this may be an ongoing struggle, but I was thrilled to have some control over this finally. A man who has not had treatment for thrush previously should see a doctor before treating themselves. Making sure that you are regularly cleaning your penis and drying it properly will help to stop the infection developing, as will avoiding using perfumed soap on your genitals as these can cause irritation.  In uncircumcised males, yeast may also affect the foreskin and is called candidal balanoposthitis.

If your doctor suspects an STI in your genital region, you may also need lab tests.

However, there is no evidence to suggest that probiotics contribute in any way to the prevention or treatment of Candida infections in men. You don’t need to treat partners, unless they have symptoms. If you have uncontrolled diabetes (usually because you do not realise that you have the condition), you are more likely to develop thrush. It often affects women, but it can occur in men, too. There is wide geographical and ethnic variation in the fungi that cause onychomycosis and an increase in foreign travel has lead to the introduction of some exotic species. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. If you have recurring thrush (ie the infection keeps coming back) you may need urine or blood tests to check there is no reason for this.


After washing, make sure you dry the affected area carefully, as the candida fungus thrives in damp conditions. This infection may be seen in men whose sexual partners have Candidal Vulvovaginitis and in men with Diabetes Mellitus. It’s common for women to get yeast infections , or what doctors call candidiasis. For example, if you are taking antibiotics to treat an infection, the antibiotics will not distinguish between good and bad bacteria, and will fight off both types. If you keep getting thrush, or it does not clear up with treatment, visit your GP so they can investigate and recommend appropriate treatment. So if you use 3 or 4 of them you can use one for 4 or 5 days then stop and use the next for 4 or 5 days.

Candida depends on a living host for survival. Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by Candida albicans, which mainly affects the mouth and genitals, and manifests mainly in people who have weak immune systems, diabetes or have had sexual intercourse without using a condom. This form of Candidiasis affects the mouth. Thrush, which you might also know as a yeast infection, is what happens when the natural fungi, or yeast, that live on your skin are given the right conditions to grow and thrive. For men, symptoms appear around the foreskin. Occasionally, male partners of women who have Thrush can develop a condition called candidal balanitis, where the head of the penis becomes inflamed. It is estimated that 1 in 10 men who visit a sexual health clinic have balanitis.

  • Also, if you are run down and your immune system is weak, the candida fungus that causes thrush may multiply.
  • However, if the host's defences are lowered, the organism can cause infection of the mucosa (the lining of the mouth, anus and genitals), the skin, and rarely, deep-seated infection.
  • However, from previous advice you have given on this website concerning the treatment of thrush, you have suggested that both partners should be treated to prevent the infection reoccurring.

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Most men with penile candidiasis experience an inflamed penis apex and foreskin and sometimes they have a discharge from underneath the foreskin. Breast-feeding mothers may also develop candidiasis on and around the nipple as a result of moisture created by excessive milk-production. What are the Symptoms of Male Thrush? Showers are a better option than baths. Usually not - thrush is, in most people, a mild and easily treated condition. For thrush infections in your groin or elsewhere, the pharmacist can advise on which treatment may be best for you.

What treatments are available for thrush (candida)? Having diabetes. In women thrush can cause itching, soreness and swelling of the vulva and pain when urinating (peeing). Sometimes thrush can go away on its own; however the infection can worsen and spread to other parts of the body. Nails should be clipped straight across so that the nail does not extend beyond the tip of the digit. Because thrush occurs on the penis, it’s often assumed that it’s passed on through sexual activity. If sores do not heal, a biopsy might be needed. It can also be treated with a single dose fluconazole capsule taken orally.

  • Some medications are available, and there are also home remedies that may help.
  • It is not a substitute for professional medical care.
  • Recurrent thrush can be controlled in most women using doses of oral antifungals combined with topical treatments.
  • The baby comes in direct contact with the yeast during delivery through the birth canal.
  • Symptoms include an itchy rash, red skin, swelling, irritation, and itching around the head of the penis, lumpy discharge under the foreskin, or pain when urinating and during sex.


Herpes is a virus and like any other virus travels from cell to cell by secretion of an enzyme that digests a hole in the cell wall. Candidal skin infections can also occur around folds of skin such as armpits and the groin. Sometime the yeast infection can get into the urethra and cause problems.

It can also be painful when you pee. Opt for perfume-free products such as Sebamed pH 3. Antibiotics do not distinguish between good and bad bacteria and so destroy both. It’s also used as an alternative anti-fungal medication if your symptoms do not improve within 14 days of using a topical imidazole. Thrush is a common infection. They’ll recommend how often you should use treatment. Some men may not experience any signs or symptoms of thrush. Make sure you dry your penis properly after washing.

See your doctor to discuss the best treatment option. This is probably caused by an allergy to the yeast. Occasionally thrush can cause balanitis, which causes inflammation and irritation on the head of your penis or foreskin. These treatments are both available over the counter at your pharmacist, but you shouldn’t purchase either of them without chatting to a medical professional about your condition first. If symptoms persist is it advisable to consult a doctor. Your partner should only be treated if they have symptoms. A partner with a fungal infection does not always transmit it.

So in some cases, the thrush germ lives harmlessly on the skin around the penis, but if there are hot and sweaty conditions, it multiplies and causes symptoms.

Is It Sexually Transmitted?

It’s caused by an infection with the fungus Candida albicans, a micro-organism that lives on warm and moist parts of the body. Thrush can be diagnosed at: Good hygiene can help prevent yeast infections and even treat them. Visit your GP if you have the symptoms of thrush (either on your penis or skin) and you do not have a history of the condition. This occurs in patients that are very unwell or that are immune suppressed.

We do receive financial compensation for some of the products we recommend and personally sell, including Amazon on qualified products. This bacterial balance can be easily upset, however, by anything from antibiotics to stress or tight-fitting clothes. Damage to endocrine organs like the adrenal glands and ovaries and also to the skin can occur in adolescence or early adulthood.

You cannot get rid of herpes but you can easily keep it under control. It does not usually cause any problems because it is kept under control by the immune system (the body's natural defence against illness and infection) and other types of bacteria in the body. You’re more likely to get a yeast infection when you:

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Candida infects the glans penis more often than any other infectious agent. Limit alcohol and sugar: Men get thrush in the same way that women get thrush, through an imbalance in the natural bacteria in their body. Tribidism (vulva rubbing) may also lead to transmission. Can thrush go away on its own? Copyright © 2020 - 2020. If you take away their food supply then they will struggle to survive and the infection will clear.

There is conflicting evidence about its effectiveness, but laboratory findings published in Biofouling in 2020 suggest that some species of Lactobacillus may reduce the number of Candida cells in some types of candidiasis infection. In some cases, these drugs may be combined with hydrocortisone to reduce marked inflammation. It’s actually very hard to get thrush if you’re a guy. This keeps it dry and at a cooler temperature. A course of antibiotics. There are a number of over-the-counter and prescription-based topical medicines available, including: You can read more about various causes of inflammation of the penis here.

Common Conditions

Some heterosexual men get a mild form of Balanitis (inflammation of the head of the penis) after having sex. In healthy (immunocompetent) persons, candidiasis is usually a localized infection of the skin, fingernails or toenails (onychomycosis), or mucosal membranes, including the oral cavity and pharynx (thrush), esophagus, and the genitalia (vagina, penis, etc.) It makes a great personal lubricant for sex and helps prevent recurrences and yeast infections in your significant other.

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Most cases respond well to anti-fungal creams and ointments (topical anti-fungals), many of which are available at the pharmacist over the counter (i. )Do probiotics work? A penis yeast infection is typically called candida balanitis, but balanitis itself can have other causes. Men should apply the cream to the genital area, penis and under the foreskin, if uncircumcised.

Do you need to visit your GP? Inflammation of the membrane lining the heart (endocarditis), the membrane lining the skull (meningitis), or rarely inflammation of the bone (osteomyelitis) may also occur. And men older than 60 years were more likely to have Candida colonization. It is much easier to get rid of this type yeast infection in the early stages than the later stages. They'll recommend how often you should use treatment. Irritation and itching are also common. In this case, both partners will need treatment to prevent each other from continuing to have problems with genital thrush.


Yeast also can thrive in chronically moist folds of skin, such as in the groin. Male yeast infections can target the head of the penis. In men, thrush develops around the genital area.

When the corners of the mouth are red (inflamed), eroded and cracked because of a Candida infection, the condition is called Perleche. Here are some of the signs to look out for: It is characterized by red, pustular, crusted and thickened lesions, especially on the nose and forehead.

Your GP or sexual health clinic can help identify if something is causing your thrush, such as your period or sex. For starters, you’re going to want to practice good personal hygiene, as this is a common cause of male thrush. Yeast infections in men are common because the fungus that causes yeast infections (candida) is normally present on skin, especially moist skin. Thrush can be diagnosed by examination of the affected area.