Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention

Several approved vaginal antifungal products are available without a prescription either as a cream or suppository inserted into the vagina for a specified number of days. It offers information on adult and child health conditions and healthy living. Krause, “There are many species of yeast, or candida — Candida albicans is the most common. One of the most common causes of vaginitis is an overgrowth of Candida albicans, a fungus often found in the vagina in small quantities. Changing pads and tampons too infrequently Feminine hygiene products can keep extra moisture around—a perfect environment for bacterial overgrowth.

Change out of wet swimsuits and tight workout clothes as soon as you can.

But when the balance of bacteria and yeast changes, the yeast cells can multiply. Recurring yeast infections can be an indication of a larger health issue. Your doctor will suspect an infection based on your symptoms. How is vaginitis treated? Chronic thrush may be a sign of an immune deficiency, such as HIV. Pain while urinating when urine touches irritated skin. It is caused by an overgrowth of yeast, or candida—a fungus normally found in the vagina, mouth and gastrointestinal tract, as well as on the skin. 7,16 In patients who failed standard azole therapy, boric acid vaginal suppositories (600 mg daily for 14 days)16 and topical flucytosine (Ancobon) cream have been used successfully.

But once you've had a few yeast infections and can better recognize the signs, you can use over-the-counter medicine to treat them. A yeast infection is a treatable medical condition caused by an overgrowth of yeast in the body. If the infection does not respond to nonprescription medications, an oral antifungal can be prescribed by the doctor. If this is the first time you have had vaginal symptoms, you should see your health care professional. It can make it hard or painful to swallow. Call your doctor to be sure you’re addressing any problems with appropriate treatment. He or she may scrape off a bit of skin or remove part of a nail and examine it to confirm the diagnosis.

One small study2 of 33 women showed a decrease in yeast colonization of the vagina when women ate 8 oz.

Learn more about Vaginal Yeast Infection

Those at higher risk for it include: Recurring yeast infections are common, especially if you are pregnant, have diabetes, or have a weakened immune system. Clothing (especially underwear) that's tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture might make yeast infections more likely. Youtube, some women worry that all vaginal itching and irritation are signs of a yeast infection. The sexual transmission theory views the partner as the source of the reinfection. Yeast infections are not considered a sexually transmitted disease.

If you’re concerned about transmission, talk to your doctor about all the ways yeast infections could be contagious in your situation. If you are experiencing chronic or recurring yeast infections, your doctor may diagnose and prescribe treatment for non-Candida albicans yeast infections. You would need another prescription medicine to treat the infection.

Untreated bacterial vaginosis can result in pelvic inflammatory disease and can lead to infertility. Note: gastrointestinal colonization by candida albicans mutant strains in antibiotic-treated mice. How can you avoid vaginal yeast infections? For infrequent recurrences, the simplest and most cost-effective management is self-diagnosis and early initiation of topical therapy. Some women think that eating foods with lactobacillus organisms, such as yogurt or acidophilus milk, will help prevent yeast infections.

Topical antifungal medications, such as clotrimazole or miconazole, are considered safe for use during pregnancy.


A number of factors can increase the chance of the yeast growing out of control, a common one being the overuse of antibiotics. Yeast infection test If this is your first suspected yeast infection, you’ll want to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor. If you think you may have a yeast infection, it is reasonable to try a single course of over-the-counter treatment, but if that doesn’t work, or if it makes your symptoms worse, contact your health care provider for guidance on treatment. They aren’t contagious, and can’t spread to another person during sex. “In my experience, it can take a good 24 hours, sometimes longer, to actually feel better, and that can be a very long, itchy 24 hours, whereas a cream can have more quick relief,” she says. Antibiotic use.

This can happen if: After swimming or exercising, she should quickly change out of the wet or damp gear and into dry, looser fitting clothing. What causes a vaginal yeast infection? However, subsequent studies9 suggest that women with RVVC harbor yeast species in the gastrointestinal tract as often as control subjects. If you are a woman and get vaginal yeast infections often, you may want to take probiotics. Supplements of Lactobacillus acidophilus, available at most health food stores, can also help maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the body and reduce the risk of yeast infections. A second study3 of 46 women showed no difference. This causes intense itching, swelling, and irritation.

Q: What causes vaginal yeast infections?

Eating foods that contain acidophilus bacteria (like yogurt with live cultures or kombucha tea) may also help prevent yeast infections, Hudepohl says. Physician assistants. Treatment for yeast infections include: Yeast infections in the skin folds can be treated with anti-yeast powders. Women of all ages can get yeast infections. It’s estimated that 75% of women will have at least one yeast infection in her lifetime.

When yeast grows in the mouth or throat, white or yellow patches, called thrush, can appear on the tongue or cheeks. If more than the normal amount of yeast grows in the sample over a short period of time (a few days), then your symptoms are likely caused by a yeast infection. Yeast infections: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, for persistent yeast infections, your doctor may recommend you use this method. Common symptoms are a rash, white discharge, or itching. “Of the three most common vaginal infections, trichomonas vaginitis, also called trichomoniasis, is the only one that is a true sexually transmitted infection,” Krause says. What are the symptoms? Scratching the vaginal area can leave open or raw areas. Share on Pinterest A doctor can help to find a suitable treatment. Diseases that result in suppression of the immune system, such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS, can also be risk factors.

Still, penile yeast infections are most commonly caused by having unprotected vaginal intercourse with a woman who has the infection too. It’s also found in your digestive system. Anyone using a vaginal treatment should abstain from sex until the infection has been completely treated — these medications can weaken condoms and diaphragms. Lopez JEM (2020). The symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include: While yeast infections in babies are usually harmless, they can lead to more serious infections when left untreated. While a small number of yeast cells indicates a healthy vagina, certain things can change the balance, causing too much yeast too grow – and the onset of those unpleasant symptoms. Yeast infection: treatments, alternative remedies, and prevention tips, “If you've been clinically diagnosed by a physician with a yeast infection on . A vaginal yeast infection causes itching and burning of the vulva – the external area of the vagina – and pain during sex, while also producing a white, lumpy, odorless discharge.


The CDC works with state and local health officials and the public to achieve better health for all people. If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. However, a rash that persists may be due to an overgrowth of Candida yeast. However, no large controlled trials involving yogurt or other probiotics have been conducted. It’s also possible for a baby to get a fungal diaper rash at birth if the mother has a vaginal yeast infection during delivery. The vaginal environment can be changed by several factors, all of which increase the risk of infection.